English odyssey characters

72 terms by nenaatkinson

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achaens

collective name for all greek people

aeaea

home of circe

aegisthus

lover of clytemnestra and murderer of agamenon

aeolus

master of the winds

agamemnon

king of mycenae, husband of clytamnestra, brother of menalaus leader of the largest army during the trojan war

alcinous

king of the phaecians husband of arete and father of nausicaa

anticleia

wife of laertes and mother of odysseus

antinous

one of the two leading suitors

aphrodite

goddess of love

arete

queen of the phaeacia and wife of alcinous

argos

dog of odysseus

athena

daughter of zeus and the goddess of war and wisdom. She helps odysseus through his journey home and is the one who ultimately decides his destiny

calypso

godess/nymph makes her home on the island of ogygia. She keeps odysseus there for ten years and then she finally sends him on his way after asking him to be his wife

charybdis

monster in the form of a giant whirlpool. (The other monster thats not scyllia)

cicones

trojan allies living in northern troy. Odysseus raids them at the beginning of the book

circe

this is a nymph that lives on the island of aeaea and turns odysseus' men into pigs then he stays there for about a year

clytemnestra

queen of argos, wife of agamemnon, lover of aegisthus (story of agamemnon and how hes killed when he gets home)

ctesippus

suitor killed by philoetius

cyclops

a one eyed giant... Specifically polyphemus who is the giant that odysseus taunted and threw a spear in his eye

demodocus

blind singer of the phaecians

dolius

an old man servant, that is very close to penelope

eidothea

sea nymph daughter daughter of proteus. Gives menelaus the idea to hide as a seal to capture her father, the old man of the sea.

elpenor

companion of odysseus who falls off the roof at circe's palace and the reunite in the underworld

eumaeus

swineherd of odysseus

eurycleia

the old nurse of odysseus and telemachus notices the scar on odysseus' leg when he comes home

eurylochus

friend of odysseus and his second officer in command

eurymachus

one of the two leading suitors and killed by odysseus

halitherses

ithacan leader who sees the phrophcies at the beginning with the eagle

helen

wife of menelaus, and the person who started the trojan war because of paris son of priamn (slips medication in the drinks when telemachaus visits for news of his father)

helios

god of the sun; has the cattle that odysseus' men slaughter

hephaestus

god of fire

hermes

messenger god; takes suitors down to the underworld, meets odysseus on circes island, and tells calypso to let odysseus go

icarius

father of penelope

ino

sea nymph daughter of proteus (old man of the sea) she gives him the scarf of immortality to save him from certain death in the ocean

irus

nickname for an ithacan beggar

ithaca

home of odyseus; in greece

lacedaemon

city and kingdom of menelaus

laertes

father of odysseus

laestrygonians

legendary clan of giants (polyphemus)

Lotus Eaters

people visited by odysseus and they live on a plant that is very delicious but makes you forget your purpose and your home and family

medon

herald of odysseys in ithaca

melanthius

the goatherd

melantho

maid of penelope

menalaus

brother of agamemnon and husband of helen

mentes

name that athena assumes in ithaca

mentor

friend of odysseus, often impersonated by athena

muse

goddess, daughter of zeus, one of nine muses, presides over literature

nausicaa

daughter of alcinous and arete

nestor

person who telemachaus goes to see in search for his father before he goes to menelaus. The king's son goes along with him

Odysseus

main character in the story. Son of Laertes and anticlea, father of Telemachaus, husband of penelope, and king of ithaca

oedipus

king of thebes

ogygia

island of calypso

olympus

home of the gods

orestes

son of agamemnon, kills mother and her lover (see story)

Penelope

wife of odysseus

persephone

wife of hades, lives in the underworld, daughter of demeter

phaeacians

people of alcinous

phaecia

land of the kingdom of alcinous

polyphemus

cyclops, the giant that odysseus stabs the eye out of

poseidon

god of the sea, the god that hates odysseus for hurting his son polyphemus

proteus

old man of the sea in menelaus' story

pylos

king nestors capital city

scylla

the six headed monster that kills six of odysseus' men when he is sailing past (the other monster that is not carybdus)

sirens

women who live on an island in the sea who enchant passing sailors and then kill them

sisyphus

a legendary figure that is doomed in the underworld and has to roll a boulder up a hill forever

sparta

home of menelaus and helen

tantalus

a figure doomed to the underworld and is surrounded by lucious fruit and water and is so thirsty and hungry but is unable to eat or drink

telemachaus

son of odysseus

theoclymenus

argive seer of prophetic lineage

thrinacia

mythical island of helios, has the cows that odysseus' men slaughter and doom them to death

tiresias

blind seer of thebes who odysseus goes to see in the underworld to lean his fate

zeus

king of the gods

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