What term described the mood of the 70s?
What party was Carter from?
What qualifications did Carter have?
He was NOT from DC, he was a Plains, Ga. peanut farmer and Annapolis grad, former naval officer and Gov. of Georgia
What personal qualities helped Carter win?
honest, religious, he was a hands-on leader, very smart, self-reliant
What did Carter promise before becoming president?
"I will never lie to you."
What economic problems did Carter inherit?
high inflation, high unemployment, energy crisis
What two cabinent departments did Carter create?
Department of Energy and Department of Education
What crisis lead to the use of nuclear energy to suffer?
The Three-Mile Island nuclear accident
What is the misery index?
inflation rate + unemplyment rate
What was the misery index while Carter was president?
What was the key idea that Carter's foreign policy was built on?
What did Carter condemn South Africa?
The practiced apartheid
What is apartheid?
state sponsered racism
What did middle-easter leaders sign as a peacemaking attempt?
Camp David Accords
What was the treaty made to limit strategic arms use?
What country did the USSR invade in 1979?
What was Carter's response to the Iran Hostage Crisis?
he sent Delta Force to try and rescue the hostages
What did Carter do after the was president?
he helped with Habitat for Humanity, seeked world peace, and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002
What was Nixon's new plan for foreign policy?
realpolitik (practicallity rather than ideaology)
What was detente?
The relaxation of tension with the USSR based on "balance of power"
What was the ping-pong diplomacy?
the US ping-pong team that went to China to help relieve tension.
What major arms reduction agreement did Nixon sign in Moscow?
What was the Yom Kippur War about?
Arab states invaded Israel to try and get land back.
Who won the Yom Kippur War?
What was the shuttle diplomacy?
Henry Kissinger flew back & forth between Israel, Egypt, & Syria to end the oil embargo
What domestic pledge did Nixon make?
to restore law and order
What group of Americans did Nixon rely on?
the "silent majority"
How many judges were appointed under Nixon?
What was the "New Federalism"?
move money and power out of DC and back to the state levels
What did Nixon do about the "Great Society?"
tried to roll back many of the anti-poverty programs
What did Nixon think about busing?
He opposed it
What did Nixon think about affirmative action?
He supported it
What is busing?
moving kids from one school to another to achieve racial balance
What is affirmative action?
preferences in hiring and admissions based on race to remedy past discrimination
What new federal agencies did Nixon create?
OSHA (the occupational saety and health administration) and EPA (environment protection agency)
What is stagflation?
a combonation of inflation and slow growth
What were the pentagon papers?
papers that were very critical of US strategy in Vietnam and were "leaked" to the newspapers
Who were the plumbers?
group that stopped leaks
What was thd famous hearing question asked by Senator Howard Baker?
"what did the president know, and when did he know it?"
What was the "Saturday Night Massacre?"
when Cox demanded Nixon release tapes made of white house conversations that would prove whether he knew about/covered up Watergate
What was on the Watergate tapes?
18 minutes of one was erased, and it showed Nixon had a foul mouth
What was the smoking gun?
clear evidence of a cover up by Nixon
What was the famous quote said by Ford as he took office?
"Our long national nightmare is over."
What political label was associated with Rockefeller?
"Rockefeller Republicans" now called RINO's
What agreement was signed that helped with human rights?
What was the program that delt with inflation
WIN (Whip Inflation Now)
What is the music made popular in the discotheque?
What movie embodied the disco craze?
Saturday Night Fever
What were some famous blockbuster movies of the 70s?
Jaws and Star Wars
What were some of the hit TV shows of the 70s?
the Brady Bunch and Happy Days
What happened at the 1972 summer olympics?
Arab terrorists killed 9 Israeli athletes
What was the miracle on ice?
when the USA upset the heavily-favored USSR hockey team