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The vocabulary terms covered in English 10 over the 1st semester. Words #1-75

serrated

adj.; Saw-toothed, notched

detrimental

adj.; Harmful.

sagacious

adj.; Showing wise judgment.

accolade

n.; High praise, honor

propound

v.; To propose, to present

ebullient

adj.; Bubbling over with high spirits

exculpate

v.; To clear from insinuated charge or fault, to free from blame or guilt

deferential

adj.; Showing polite respect, appropriate consideration, courteous regard

retrospect

n.; A looking back to the past

assiduous

adj; Constant in application or effort, unremitting, persevering, working diligently.

guileless

adj.; Innocent, naive, incapable of deceit.

divulge

v.; To reveal

aspiring

adj.; Ambitious, seeking, longing for

enigma

n.; A riddle, puzzle, something very difficult to understand

sparse

adj.; Thinly scattered, not dense

mercenary

n.; "Gun for hire", a soldier who fights for monetary gain instead of patriotism

innuendo

n.; An insinuation

symmetry

n.; Proportion, harmony, balance

vivid

adj.; clear, inescapable

connoisseur

n.; Authority, expert, gourmet

penitence

n.; Remorse, the showing or feeling of regret that one has done wrong

ephemeral

adj; Momentary or fleeting, lasting a very short time.

apathy

n.; Lack of interest or concern, indifference

vestige

n.; Remnant, a trace of something that disappeared

accentuate

v.; To emphasize, to make more noticeable

emulate

v; To follow or try to excel; imitate with effort to equal or surpass.

omnipotent

.; All seeing, all knowing, all powerful, mighty

indolence

n.; Idleness, laziness

elated

adj.; Feeling very pleased or proud, joyful.

congeal

v.; To thicken, to jell, to coagulate.

misconstrue

To misinterpret, to misunderstand

jaundiced

adj.; Envious, begrudging, intolerant, unfair, bigoted.

hypotheses

n.; (pl.) Educated guesses, a supposition put forward to account for certain facts and used as a basis for further investigation by which it may be proven or disproved.

extrinsic

adj.; External, originating from outside, not belonging to the basic nature of a person or thing.

bemoan

v.; To lament, to complain (not as strong as "grieve").

credulous

adj.; Gullible

discretion

n.; Good judgment, freedom to act according to one's own judgment

skeptic

n.; "Doubting Thomas", disbeliever, cynic

ossify

v.; To change into bone; to harden

amass

v.; To heap up, to collect

enervate

v; To deprive of force or strength; to weaken.

deride

v.; To laugh at scornfully, to ridicule.

condescension

n.; Patronizing manner or behavior

parry

v.; To block the thrust

repudiate

v.; To reject or disown utterly, to deny totally

evade

v.; To avoid giving a direct answer

insatiable

adj.; Unquenchable, unappeasable

philanthropist

n.; One who is charitable, a humanitarian.

hypochondriac

n.; One who is obsessed with his physical maladies

risque

adj.; Slightly improper, suggestive, daring (French).

caricature

n.; Satirical cartoon or picture

innovative

adj.; new methods, new approaches

laconic

adj.; Concise, terse, to the point, pithy

incessant

adj.; Unceasing, continually repeated

intermittent

adj.; Occurring at intervals, not continuous

malicious

adj.; Desiring to cause harm, spiteful

inkling

n.; Hint, suggestion

abridge

v.; To deprive of

circumvent

v.; To find a way around

teeming

adj.; full to overflowing

acumen

n.; Quickness and keenness of judgment or insight

petulant

adj.; Peevish, irritable over petty annoyances.

indulge

v.; To give into your own desires (or of others)

tenacious

adj.; Holding firm [a tenacious grip], retaining well [a tenacious memory], cohesive, adhesive, persistent, stubborn

mundane

adj.; Worldly, everyday, ordinary

raucous

adj.; Hoarse, rough sounding

standoffish

adj.; Aloof, remote, unapproachable, unsociable; cool (to an idea)

dubious

adj.; Doubtful [a dubious character] [a dubious remark].

rancorous

adj; Hateful, bitter resentment or ill-will.

pretentious

adj.; Affectedly grand, acting superior, ostentatious

despondent

adj.; Dejected, hopeless

autonomy

n.; Self-government, independence.

intrepid

adj; Resolutely fearless, courageous.

epiphany

n.; a revelation, a sudden recognition of the essence or meaning of something

apocryphal

adj.; Of doubtful authorship or authenticity, fictitious.

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