Characters

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odyssey characters for exam

achaeans

collective name for all greek people, including the citizens of ithaca

aeaea

island home of circe

aegisthus

seducer of clytemnestra and murderer of agamemnon, killed by orestes.

aeolus

master of the winder

agamemnon

king of mycenae, son of atreus, husband of clytemnestra, murdered by her and aegisthus;brother of menelaus, leader of the largest contingent at troy

alcinous

king of phaecians, husband of arete, father of nausicaa

anticleia

daughter of autolycus, wife of laertes, mother of odysseus

antinous

son of eupithes, one of the two leading suitors

aphrodite

goddess of love, daughter of zeus and wife of Hephaestus

arete

queen of phaeacia, wife of alcinous, mother of nausicaa

argos

dog of odyseus

athena

goddess, defender of the achaens. helped odyseus

calypso

goddess-nymph, daughter of atlas, who makes her home on the lisland of ogygia

charybdis

monster in the form of a giant whirlpool, located across from scylla

cicones

trojan allies, living in thrace, to the north of troy

circe

goddess and enchantress of aeaea, who changes men to swine

clytemnestra

daughter of leda and tyndareus, queen of argos, wife of agamemnon, lover of aegisthus, and mother of orestes

ctesippus

suitor killed by philoetius

cyclops

a cannibal clan of one-eyed giants; also a name for polyphemus in particular

demodocus

blind singerr of the paeacians

dolius

an old manservant, attached to penelope, father of melanthuis and melantho

eidothea

sea-nymph, daughter of proteus

elpenor

companion of odysseus fell off of a roof while drunk and died

eumaeus

swineherd of odysseus

eurycleia

the old nurse of odysseus and telemachus, attendant of penelope

eurylochus

kin of odysseus, and his second in command

eurymachus

one of the two leading suitors, son of polybus, killed by odysseus

halitherses

ithacan elder with prophetic powers

helen

daughter of zeus and leda, wife of menelaus, consort of paris; her abduction by him from sparta caused the trojan war

helios

the sun

hephaestus

god of fire, the great artificer, son of hera, husband of aphrodite

hermes

god, son of zeus and Maia, messenger of the gods, giant-killer, and guide of dead sould to the underworld

icarius

father of penelope and brother of tyndareus

ino

daughter of cadmus, once a mortal and now a sea-nymph

irus

nickname of ithacan beggar whose true name is arnaeus

ithaca

home of odyseeus

lacedaemon

city and kingdom of menelaus

laertes

son of arcesius, husband of anticleia, father of odysseus

laestrygonians

legenary clan of giant cannibals

lotus-eaters

legendary people visited by odysseus, they live on a plant whose fruit induces stupor and forgetfulness of home

medon

herald of odysseus in ithaca

melanthuis

son of dolius, goatherd

melantho

daughter of dolius, maid of penelope

menelaus

son of atreus, king of lacedaemon, brother of agamemnon, husband of helen

mentes

son of anchialus, king of the taphians, name assumed by athena in ithaca

mentor

son of alcimus, ithacan friend of odysseus, othen impersonated by athena

muse

goddess, daughter of Zeus, one of the nine, all told, who preside over literature and the arts and are the sources of artistic inspiration

nausicaa

daughter of alcinous and arete

nestor

son of neleus, king of the pylians, father of antilochus, pisistratus, thrasmedes and others; the olders of the achaean chieftans

odysseus

grandson of arcesius and autolycus, son of laertes and anticleia, husband of penelope, father of telemachus, king of ithaca and the surrounding islands

oedipus

son of laius of jocasta(epicaste), her husband as well, and king of thebes

ogygia

island in the center of the sea and home of calypso

olympus

mountain in northeastern thessaly, the home of the gods

orestes

son of agamemnon and clytemnestra, and the avenger of his father

penelope

daughter of icarius wife of Odysseus, mother of telemachus, queen of ithaca

persephone

goddess of the underworld, daughter of demeter, and wife of hades

phaeacians

people of alcinous and arete, inhabitants of Phaeacia a kingdom whose alternative name is Scheria

polyphemus

cyclops, son of poseidonand Thoosa, blinded by odysseus

poseidon

god of the sea, son of cronus and rhea, younger brother of zeus, father of polyphemus, throughtout the Odyssey and inveterate enemy of odysseus

proteus

the old man of the sea' sercvant of poseidon and father of eidothea

pylos

nestor's capital city and also the region surrounding it in the southwestern peloponnese

scylla

man-eating monster that lives in a cliffside cavern opposite the whirlpool of charybdis

sirens

enchantresses of the sea, whose song can tempt a sailor to his ruin

sisyphus

legendary figure doomed in the underworld to rolling a boulder up an icline and forever failing to surmount its crest

sparta

capital city of lacedaemon, the home of menelaus and helen

tantalus

legendary figure doomed to eternal thirst and hunger in the underworld

telemachus

grandson of laeres and anticleia, son of odysseus and penelope, heir to the throne of ithaca

theoclymenus

argive seer of prophetic lineage, son of p olyphides

thrinacia

mythical island of Helios, the sungod, where he pastured his sacred cattle

tiresias

blind seer of thebes who retains his prophetic powers even in the underworld

zeus

king of the gods, son of cronus and rhea.

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