Land promised to the Jews. Present day Israel. Sometimes used to refer to ancient Palestine.
Father of the Jewish People.
Tribes of Israel named for each of Jacob's 12 sons
1. An ancient kingdom of Palestine that was overthrown by the Assyrians in 721. 2. A Jewish state in the Middle east established in 1948.
The fourth son of Jacob and Leah. One of the 12 tribes of Israel.
A name of God in the Old Testament.
Jewish prophet who led Jews out of slavery in Egypt. Received the Ten Commandments from God on Mount Sinai.
Ethical commandments of God given to Moses on Mount Sinai
Where Moses received the Ten Commandments. Located in Sinai Peninsula, Egypt
First King of Israel.
Israel's second, and greatest, king.
Third king of Israel. Made Israel secure and prosperous.
First 5 books of the Hebrew Bible containing laws and moral codes.
Collection of Jewish Law.
A Jewish place of worship.
A spiritual teacher or spiritual leader for followers of Judaism.
Dead Sea Scrolls
Collection of manuscripts found in caves near the Dead Sea.
hostility toward or discrimination against Jews as a religious, ethnic, or racial group
A movement for the support of modern Israel.
The dispersion of the Jews after 90 A.D. Now also used to refer to all Jews who do not live in Israel.
Eight-day festival beginning on the 25th day of Kislev, commemorates re-dedication of the Temple at Jerusalem.
Messengers of god.
Seven branched candlestick used to celebrate Hanukah
The systematic mass slaughter of Jews in Nazi occupied Europe.
One of the oldest cities in Mesopotamia. Was an important center of Sumerian culture after c. 3000 B.C. and the birthplace of Abraham.
The one promised by god to who will free Jewish people
Dietary laws restricting what is eaten and how animals are slaughtered.
One day a week, sundown Friday to sundown Saturday, reserved for worship
Bar Mitzvah & Bat Mitzvah
Respectively means "son" or "daughter" of the Commandment and are religious rites of passage for 13 year old boys and 12 year old girls.
The branch of Judaism that blends historical Judaism with modern life.
Branch of Judaism that adheres to the Torah as interpreted in the Talmud.
Branch of Judaism that keeps with traditional Jewish Law but allows for some modern changes.