People who were born in Spain, on the top of the colonial society
Spanish people born in the colonies who were right underneath the peninsulares
People of mixed European and Indian ancestry
Led enslaved Africans in a revolt against the French. However, he was captured and imprisoned.
Wealthy Venezuelan creole who won Venezuela's independence
José de San Martín
Argentinian revolutionary who freed Chile from Spanish control. He later helped liberate Peru.
A priest who issued the Cry of Dolores, a call for rebellion against the Spanish.
José María Morelos
After Hidalgo was defeated, the rebel armies rallied around this person.
Agustín de Iturbide
Creole officer who declared Mexico's independence
Son of King John who made Brazil independent of Portugal.
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again
Reload the page to try again!
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.