human nutrition chp 9 and 10

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The first nutrient priority for a strength athlete is

adequate fluid

someone with at least one obese parent has

30-70% of becoming obese

excess body fat is associated with an increase risk of

some cancers, gall bladder disease

all of the following are involved in signaling stations except
a. the stomach
b the heart
c. the brain
d. the small intestine

the heart

body mass index is not suitable for use with

athletes or pregnant woman

central to diagnosis of anorexia nervosa is

distorted body image

early in activity, ______ provides the mojority of energy for the muscles

muscle glycogen

endurance athletes can delay fatigue during their activity by

taking carbohydrate before activity

eating certain foods can elevate BMR and promote weight loss

false

anearobic glucose breakdown produces a compound called

lactate

sports drinks offer some advantages over water for athletes who

need to replenish electrolytes

carbonated beverages are not a good choice of fluid replacement during activity because they

make a person feel full and limit fluid intake

the following would not be appropriate for a pre game meal

rasin bran and milk

the age of a person(when excercising) will influence how much glucose a person uses during physical activity

false

vitamin E is needed for formation of collagen

false, Vitamin C

an endurance athlete, in order to maintain their blood glucose concentrations for as long as possible, should consume fat and protein before the event

false, should eat a high in carbohydrate diete regularly and take in glucose during the endurance event

fatigue is the first symptom of dehydration (besides thirst)

true

when exercising the best beverage to replace fluid is

cool water

the body needs more carbohydrate than it does any other nutrient

false, water

protein is needed by the body to support an exercise program because of its role in

repairing muscle tissue after exercise

which of the following enhances flexibility

stretching

appetite is defined as psychological desire to eat

true

after eating dinner, you go to a movie and smell the popcorn, although you are full, you start salivating and your stomach grumbles, so you buy a bag to eat during the show. this is an example of

appetite

the results of weight training could cause a decrease in bone density

false, some results are improved posture,muscle strength, and endurance

bulimia is more common than anorexia and is more common in woman than men

true

balance is a component of fitness

false, flexibility, muscle, strength, muscle endurance, and cardiorespiratory endurance

the characteristics of cardiorespiratory endurance include

increased cardiac output and oxygen and reduced blood pressure

certain foods can promote wight loss by increasing your metabolic rate

false

which of the following is more common:
anorexia or bulimia

bulimia

eating disorders are only found in developed nations where wealth is prevalent

true

one pound of fat is equal to 3500 calories

true

having a beer gut(central abdominal fat) is a significantly higher health risk than having excess fat in other areas

true

what are the factors associcated with a higher basal metabolic rate

stress, fever, youth

out of the following two examples:swimming and wight training, which one would be considered aerobic physical activity

swimming

female athletes and endurance athletes are most prone to iron deficiency

true

sports drinks offer some advantages over water for athletes who exercise outside in cole weather

false

older people like around 65+ can not improve bone density through weight training programs

false

taller people need proportionally more energy than shorter people to balance their energy budgets

true

BMI is based on what two factors

height and weight

a very low carbohydrate diet will cause

ketosis

muscles respond to exercise overload by gaining

strength and size

muscle growth is stimulated by

physically demanding activity

endurance athletes can postpone fatigue during activity by

eating glucose periodically

waist circumference looks at the degree of

visceral fat

any energy containing food can make you fat if you eat enough of it

true

the following are associated with a lower BMR

starvation

quick large changes in weight are likely the result of

changes in body fluid

the length of time BMR remains elevated after exorcise depends on

duration of activity, intensity of activity

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