Ch 7-12 Quizzes

77 terms by katroaster 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Overall, the Second Great Awakening resulted in

increased belief in salvation attained through faith and good works

From 1800 to 1820, major changes in the United States transportation system included all the following except

the growth of a large railroad network

From 1800 to 1820, major changes in the United States transportation system included

-the development of a large merchant marine
-the invention and spread of steamboats
-the expansion of domestic shipping
-the building of turnpikes

In both England and the United States, the Industrial Revolution began in

the textile industry

The Rush-Bagot agreement between the United States and Britain

provided for American-British disarmament on the Great Lakes

In the early 1800s, women were

often educated to be better wives and mothers

Jefferson sought to make his victory in the election of 1800 a "revolution" by

reducing drastically the size and power of the national government

the 1803 case of Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court ruled that

an act of Congress had exceeded its constitutional authority

The beginning of the American Industrial Revolution during the early 1800s resulted from all of the following developments except

monetary assistance from the federal government to new factories

The beginning of the American Industrial Revolution during the early 1800s resulted

-technological advances imported from England
-the appearance of better transportation systems
-new inventions such as the cotton gin
-the development of advanced steam engines

The acknowledged leader of American literature in the early 1700s, the man who created such characters as Rip van Winkle and Ichabod Crane, was

Washington Irving

President Jefferson was reluctant to accept the treaty for purchasing the Louisiana Territory because

he doubted that he had constitutional authority for such a purchase

Under the provisions of the Adams-Onis Treaty,

Spain ceded all of Florida to the United States

The decisions of the Marshall Court established

the power of the federal government to promote economic growth

By 1820, the United States had seen significant progress in transportation in the form of significantly improved

river steamboats

In 1817, when the federal government considered the bill to provide funding for internal improvements,

Congress passed the bill

The period 1817 to 1821 became known as the "era of good feelings" because there

was only one major political party

Between 1800 and 1820, the American textile industry experienced all of the following developments except

it produced no significant inventions or technological advances of its own

Between 1800 and 1820, the American textile industry experienced

-it expanded tremendously both before and after the war
-it saw the opening of the first American mill to combine spinning and weaving under one roof
-it suffered from the British dumping underpriced goods on the American market
-it experienced less foreign competition after the tariff of 1816

Following the War of 1812, westward expansion increased because

the Indian opposition to white settlement had considerably decreased

The growing nationalism of the late 1810s and 1820s was reflected in all the following developments except

the crisis over the admission of Missouri

The growing nationalism of the late 1810s and 1820s was reflected in

-the foreign policy of the federal government
-the adherence by many people to a set of shared sentiments
-the growth of the economy
-the patriotic celebrations every Fourth of July

When the charter of the Bank of the United States expired in 1811, state banks

issued bank notes that circulated as money

The "era of good feelings" became a popular label for the administration of

James Monroe

In Jacksonian America, the Democratic party's philosophy was based on all of the following ideas except

the stimulation of the economy by the federal government

In Jacksonian America, the Democratic party's philosophy was based on

-the elimination of the influence of the privileged
-the protection of social and economic mobility
-the promotion of political opportunities for white males
-the celebration of the common man

The theory of nullification is based on the principle that

individual states may declare federal laws unconstitutional

Andrew Jackson vetoed the Maysville Road Bill because the road would have

been mainly a single-state project

When Jackson heard Marshall's decision in the case between Georgia and the Cherokees (Worcester v. Georgia), he

refused to enforce the decision

Before the democratization of the 1820s and 1830s, states restricted the influence of the ordinary citizen in politics by all of the following methods except

restricting voting to members of a specific church

Before the democratization of the 1820s and 1830s, states restricted the influence of the ordinary citizen in politics by

-selecting presidential electors in legislatures
-placing property requirements on voters
-requiring voters to be taxpayers
-having legislators represent property rather than people

During Andrew Jackson's presidency, the common people gained political power through all of the following means except

enfranchisement of women and free blacks

During Andrew Jackson's presidency, the common people gained political power through

-creation of national nominating conventions
-elimination of property qualifications for voting
-increase in opportunity to hold political office
-challenge of entrenched office holders

The theory of nullification was based on the writings of

James Madison and Thomas Jefferson

In the mid-1800s, many westerners favored Indian removal for all of the following reasons except

to preserve the American Indians' independent status

In the mid-1800s, many westerners favored Indian removal for

-to put distance between the two cultures' living areas
-to help end frontier violence
-to open up new lands for white settlers
-to break tribal ties to valuable lands

Andrew Jackson and his followers believed that the United States needed

challenge the power of the eastern elites

During the presidency of Andrew Jackson, the "spoils system" was used to replace

one out of five federal officeholders

In the 1820s and 1830s, skilled artisans faced all of the following problems except

reluctance of the various trades to work together

In the 1820s and 1830s, skilled artisans faced

-competition from factory-produced goods
-opposition from hostile courts to their unions
-economic ruin from panics and depressions
-displacement due to the rise of factories

All of the following statements are true of Irish and German immigrants of the 1840s except

the Irish tended to become farmers more than the Germans did

All of the following statements are true of Irish and German immigrants of the 1840s

-the Germans tended to settle in the Northwest more than the Irish did
-the Germans came over in family groups or as single men more than the Irish did
-the Irish had less money when they arrived than the Germans did
-the Irish settled largely in eastern cities

The form of transportation that had the biggest impact on the 1830s was the

canal

The economic revolution that transformed America between 1820 and 1860 brought all of the following changes except

the creation of a more united country

The economic revolution that transformed America between 1820 and 1860 brought all of the following changes

-the development of a national market economy
-the appearance of a major manufacturing sector
-the alliance of the Northeast and Northwest
-the participation of farmers in the increasingly international economy

In the 1820s, one major problem faced by the growing factory system was the

lack of a large labor supply

In general, nativists believed that

immigrants were politically corrupt and took jobs away from U.S. citizens

The early railroads of the 1820s and 1830s primarily served as

linkages between water routes

During the 1840s and 1850s, railroads experienced all of the following developments except

they improved the most in the Northwest

During the 1840s and 1850s, railroads experienced

-they found financial support from both private and government sources
-they diverted traffic away from the rivers and canals
-they consolidated some short lines into much longer lines
-they developed trunk lines to connect many regions

The rise of the factory began in the

textile industry in the Northeast

The United States of the 1840s and 1850s saw all of the following developments except

sharp decline in immigration from Europe

The United States of the 1840s and 1850s saw all of the following developments

-the rapid growth of Northeastern cities
-a booming agricultural economy in the West
-a major movement of shipping to the Great Lakes
-the rise of close economic ties between the Northeast and Northwest

Slaves often disliked serving as household servants on large plantations for all of the following reasons except

they were more likely to be sold to the owners of other plantations

Slaves often disliked serving as household servants on large plantations for all of the following reasons

-they were isolated from their fellow slaves
-they lacked privacy from the watchful eyes of the master's family
-they received punishments more than did other slaves
-they were especially vulnerable to sexual abuse

The percentage of white Southerners who were members of slave-owning families was approximately

25 percent

The Southern planter class

dominated the political, economic, and social life of the region

Small farmers in the South possessed all of the following characteristics

-a close relationship with their slaves
-ownership of few, if any, slaves
-limited access to educational opportunity
-low prospects for social mobility

Small farmers in the South possessed all of the following characteristics except:

independence from the plantation system

The "Southern lady" of the mid-1800s was taught to

obey her husband in all matters

Many non-slaveowning whites in the South were tied to the slave system by all of the following circumstances except

they feared the terrorist tactics that plantation owners used

Many nonslaveowning whites in the South were tied to the slave system by

-they depended on the plantations for economic favors
-they often relied on planters for credit
-they were often related by blood to wealthy slaveowners
-they shared the Southern belief in white racial superiority

For dangerous tasks, many plantation owners used

immigrant labor

The development of the North and the South differed in that the South

had fewer cities

The South did little to create a flourishing commercial or industrial economy because

-its climate was less suitable for industry
-its distinctly Southern values discouraged the growth of cities and industry
-its people had their money tied up in agriculture
-its agricultural system was greatly profitable

The most important crop in the South of the 1850s was

cotton

The best-known novels of James Fenimore Cooper featured tales of the

frontiersmen in the American wilderness

Walt Whitman expressed his love of American democracy and individuality by means of

poetry

Ralph Waldo Emerson's transcendentalist philosophy included all of the following beliefs except

rejection of the existence of God

Ralph Waldo Emerson's transcendentalist philosophy included all of the following beliefs

-an intimate connection between man and nature
-the sanctity of the individual
-self-reliance and independence of spirit
-a commitment to American ideals and nationalism

Nathaniel Hawthorne wrote scathingly of the dangers of individuality in such novels as

The Scarlet Letter

The founder of the Mormon faith was

Joseph Smith

Brook Farm was noted for its

attempt at utopian communal living

The transcendentalists called for

the use of emotion and intuition to go beyond the confines of understanding

Herman Melville created the epic tale of Captain Ahab's obsession with the pursuit of the great white whale in the novel

Moby Dick

Henry David Thoreau argued that it was necessary for individuals to

practice civil disobedience when laws were unjust

In the mid-1800s, the reform impulse in the United States included the idea that

man is essentially good and capable of positive change

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set