World War 2 Essential Questions
How have Japan's geography and limited natural resources affected its history?
What are the key historical events and people that influenced Japan prior to WWII?
Was the use of an atomic weapon against the Japan justified?
How does war impact the lives of the men, women, and children who are not in the forces?
How am I connected to those in the past? In what ways is the past about me?
Who were the "winners" and who were the "losers" in WWII?
First Sino-Japanese War
1894-95; first war fought between China and Japan primarily for control over Korea; a "new" powerful Japan defeats China and takes control of Korea, Manchuria (northern China), and Taiwan.
"the first great war of the 20th century"; conflict between Japan and Russia over Korea and Manchuria; Japan's victory is first Asian victory over West. Japan retains Manchuria.
A country or area under the full or partial political control of another country, typically a distant one, and occupied by settlers from.
Open Door Policy
The United States wanted China to be "open" to all foreign countries for trade and economic opportunities. This would be a conflict once Japan began to conquer much of China.
a 717 mile road from Burma into China; the British used the road to provide the Chinese with supplies to fight the war against the Japanese.
Lend-Lease was the program under which the United States of America supplied the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, China, Free France, and other Allied nations with materials necessary for war between 1941 and 1945.
What Japan called the America-British-Chinese-Dutch trade embargoes against Japan; these countries stopped trading oil, steel, and other supplies Japan needed for its economy and military. Japan believed this was an act of "aggression."
1. Patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts.
2. An extreme form of nationalism is marked by a feeling of superiority over other countries.
Countries that cooperate with one another for a military or political purpose. The countries above were allied during the World War One.
Chiang Kai Shek
Political and military leader of China from 1928-1948 when China was at war with Japan; ally of United States.
Emperor of Japan before/during/after World War 2. Emperor Showa ("enlightened peace"); military/political/religious leader of Japan before/during World War 2.
Hideki Tojo; prime minister of Japan during World War 2; military leader.
German dictator before/during World War 2; Germany, Japan, and Italy were members an alliance called the Axis powers.
Italian dictator before/during World War 2; Germany, Japan, and Italy were members an alliance called the Axis powers.
Tripartite Pact 1941
September 27,1940; a treaty that made Germany, Italy, and Japan allies. Japan acknowledged "the leadership of Germany and Italy in the establishment of a new order in Europe," while Japan was granted lordship over "Greater East Asia."
Brilliant Japanese Navy commander who planned Pearl Harbor attack; studied at Harvard University. Shot down near Guadalcanal in 1942.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
president of United States during WW2; only president to serve beyond two terms.
"Premier" of Russia; military and political leader of Russia from 1941 to 1953.
a group of nations or peoples ruled over by an emperor, empress, or other powerfulgovernment; usually a large territory of greater extent than a kingdom (i.e. British Empire, French Empire, Russian Empire, Byzantine Empire, or Roman Empire).
United States President after FDR; made decision to drop atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere
an idea developed government and military of Japan;the belief was for an "Asia for Asians" -- free of Western colonization.
General Douglas Macarthur
General of United States Army; led "island hopping" strategy of Pacific War; oversaw occupation of Japan following end of World War 2.
the imprisonment of confinement of a population without trial; Japanese Americans on the West Coast were placed in internment camps after World War 2 began.
Isolationism during WW2 was America not wanting to become involved in European alliances and wars. Isolationists believed they could help their allies in other ways besides war.
B-29 Airplane that dropped bomb on Hiroshima.