modify/describes nouns, pronouns; always appears after the word it modifies
first words: that, which, who, whom, whose, when, where
modifies/describes verbs, adjectives, adverbs; answers the questions: how, when, where, why, how much, under what conditions?
first word (subordinating conjunction): after, although, as, as far as, as if, as long as, as soon as, as though, because, before, if, in order that, since, so that, than, though, unless, until, when, whenever, where, wherever, whereas, while
functions as a subject, D.O., I.O., P.N., O.P.
first words: how, that, what, whatever, when, whenever, where, wherever, whether, which, whichever, who, whoever, whomever, whose, whom, why
one independent clause, no dependent clauses
two or more independent clauses (linked by coordinating conjunction- for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so or semicolon), no dependent clauses
one independent clause + one or more dependent clauses
compound complex sentence
two or more independent clauses + at least one dependent clause