|Cotton Kingdom|| Term for the South that emphasized its economic dependence on a|
single staple product.
|West African Squadron|| British naval unit that seized hundreds of slave ships in the process of |
suppressing the illegal slave trade in the early 1800s.
|Uncle Tom's Cabin|| Harriet Beecher Stowe's powerful 1852 novel that focused on slavery's |
cruel effects in separating Black family members from one another.
|black belt|| The fertile region of the Deep South, stretching across Alabama, |
Mississippi, and Louisiana, where the large concentration of Black
slaves worked on rich cotton plantations
|Amistad|| Spanish slave ship, seized by revolting African slaves, that led to a |
dramatic U.S. Supreme Court case that freed the slaves.
|American Slavery As It Is||. Theodore Dwight Weld's powerful antislavery book.|
|American Colonization Society|| Organization founded in 1817 to transport American blacks back to |
|Liberia||African republic founded by freed American slaves in 1822|
|Lane Rebels|| The group of theology students, led by Theodore Dwight Weld, who |
were expelled from their seminary for abolitionist activity and later became preachers of the antislavery gospel.
|The Liberator|| William Lloyd Garrison's fervent abolitionist newspaper that preached |
an immediate end to slavery.
|American Antislavery Society|| Garrisonian abolitionist organization, founded in 1833, that included |
the eloquent Wendell Phillips among its leaders.
|Gag Resolution|| Strict rule passed by prosouthern congressmen in 1836 to prohibit all|
discussion of slavery in the House of Representatives.
|Mason-Dixon Line|| The line across the southern boundary of Pennsylvania that formed |
the boundary between free states and slave states in the East.
|free soilers|| Northern antislavery politicians, like Abraham Lincoln, who rejected |
radical abolitionism but sought to prohibit the expansion of slavery in the western territories.
|Eli Whitney|| Inventor of a machine for extracting seed from cotton |
that revolutionized the Southern economy
|Harriet Beecher Stowe|| Author of an abolitionist novel that portrayed the |
separation of slave families by auction
|Nat Turner|| Visionary black preacher whose bloody slave rebellion |
in 1831 tightened the reins of slavery in the South.
|William Wilberforce|| British evangelical Christian reformer who in 1833 |
achieved the emancipation of slaves in the British West
|Theodore Dwight Weld|| Leader of the "Lane Rebels" who wrote the powerful |
antislavery work American Slavery As It Is
|Wendell Phillips|| New England patrician and Garrison follower whose |
eloquent attacks on slavery earned him the title
"abolition's golden trumpet"
|Denmark Vesey|| Free Black whose failed attempt to lead a slave revolt in |
Charleston, South Carolina, led to the execution of more
than thirty of his followers
|William Lloyd Garrison|| Leading radical abolitionist who burned the|
Constitution as "a covenant with death and an agreement
|David Walker|| Black abolitionist writer who called for a bloody end to |
slavery in an appeal of 1829.
|Sojourner Truth|| New York free black woman who fought for |
emancipation and women's rights.
|Martin Delaney|| Black abolitionist who visited West Africa in|
1859 to examine sites where African-
Americans might relocate.
|Frederick Douglass|| Escaped slave and great black abolitionist who fought to |
end slavery through political action.
|Lewis Tappan|| Wealthy New York abolitionist merchant whose home |
was demolished by a mob in 1834.
|John Quincy Adams|| Former president who won the Amistad rebellious slaves' |
freedom and fought for the right to discuss slavery in
|Elijah Lovejoy|| Illinois editor whose death at the hands of a mob made |
him an abolitionist martyr.