Short story study guide

Created by philliesman17 

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Terms

Autobiographical anecdote

about self, true short story (non-fiction)

3 elements of a short story

usually under 10,000 words
can typically be read under 1 sitting
usually more focused on characters than action

Theme

main idea of a story

3 aspects of setting

time, place, and atmosphere

Protaganist

main character who is struggling to achieve a goal

Antagonist

the force (may or may not be a person) that tries to keep the protaganist from reaching his or her goal

Conflict

a struggle between two opposing forces

Author's purpose

The reason the author wrote a literary work, or shared information, events, motivations, etc. inside a literary work.

Aspects of theme

universal ideas and provide unity

Exposition

exposes (introduces) the reader to the characters, setting, and conflict

Rising action

a series of events which build intensity and show the protaganist trying to solve the conflict

Climax

moment you know the conflict will be resolved

Falling action

action that takes place after the climax

Resolution/Denoumet

conclusion which shows the author's theme

Mood

the feelings or emotions generated by the author's description of the characters and setting

1st person point of view

main character tells his or her own story

3rd person limited point of view

narrarator tells the story from the point of view of one character

3rd person omniscent point of view

narrarator has unlimited knowledge and can describe every characters thoughts and actions

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