Chapter 13 Urinary System

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NUR 101 terminology

Urinary system organs

Kidneys
Ureters
Urinary bladder
Urethra

nephron

kidney

nephr/o

kidney

nephron

filtration unit of the kidney

ren

kidney

ur; urin; uria; uria

urine

ureter

tube that conneccts each kidney to the urinary bladder

ur/o

urinary system

nephrologist

specialist for the kidneys

urologist

specialist in the whole urinary system

renal cell carcinoma

form of kidney cancer; treatment is nephrectomy

Wilms tumor

happens in children

pyelonephritis

renal pelvis and kidney inflammation

nephritis

kidney inflammation

acute renal failure (AFR)

functioning at 10%, makes the kidneys suddenly stop filtering waste products from the blood

Chronic renal failure

a.k.a. chronic kidney disease. gradual loss of renal function

end-stage renal disease

the kidneys are functioning at less than 10% of their normal capacity. dialysis or a kidney transplant is needed.

urinary tract infection

infection occurs when bacteria invade (E.coli) and multiply in the urinary tract through the urethra. connected with pyelonephritis

di-

complete

-esis

condition

diuresis

production of a large volume urine

hematuria

blood in the urine

pyelogram

x-ray image of the renal pelvis and ureters

dialysis

artificial method of filtration of remove excess waste material and water from the body

hemodialysis

artificial method of filtration to remove excess waste materials and water directly from the blood

peritoneal dialysis

uses a dialysis solution that is infused into and drained out of the abdominal cavity through a small, flexible, implanted catheter

anuria

condition with the absense of urine production

oliguria

scanty production of urine

nocturia

excessive urination at night

dysuria

difficulty or pain with urination

Kidney stones

being as a grain, usually of a mineral. As more material accumulates, a small stone is formed. the stones can occlude the ureter. small stones can pass to the outside from the ureter or bladder upon urination.

lithotripsy

crushing stones by soundwaves

nephrolithiasis

presence of a kidney stone

KUB

x-ray of abdomen to show kidneys, ureters, and bladder

cystoscope

endoscope inserted to view the inside of the bladder

urinary bladder

hollow, muscular organ

urethra

a thin-walled tube, takes urine from the bladder to the outside

internal urethral sphincter

holds urine in the bladder and is an involuntary sphincter

external urethral sphincter

provides voluntary control of urination

external urinary meatus

opening of the urethra to the outside, same for both female and male

enuresis

involuntary bed-wetting

micturition

act of passing urine, aka Urination & Void

Urinary incontinence

loss of bladder control

Urinary retention

abnormal, involuntary holding of urine in the bladder

cystitis

inflammation of the urinary bladder

pyelitis

inflammation of the renal pelvis

urethritis

inflammation of the urethra

glycosuria

presence of glucose in urine

proteinuria

presence of protein in urine

cyst-

bladder

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