Atoms to Minerals

Created by collingwood_key 

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16 terms

element

a substance that cannot be broken into simpler substances by ordinary chemical means

atomic number

the number of protons in a nucleus

isotope

atoms of an element that have different masses

mass number

the sum of the numbers of protons and neutrons in that isotope

compound

a substance that contains atoms of two or meore elements that are chemically combined

molecule

two or more atoms held together by covalent bonds

ion

an electrically charged atom

metal

an element that loses electrons easily to form positive ions

nonmetal

an element that gains electrons easily to form a negative ion

mineral:

has the following characteristics:
-it occurs naturally
-it is solid
-It has a definite chemical composition
-its atoms are arranged in an orderly pattern
-it is inorganic (was never alive)

crystal

a regular geometric solid with smooth surfaces called crystal faces

silicate

minerals that are compounds including silicon and oxygen

silica tetrahedron

four oxygen atoms packed closely around a silicon atom
(the basic building block for a silicate

cleavage

the tendency of a mineral to split along definite planes

minerology

the study of minerals and their properties

rock-forming minerals

quarts, feldspar, mica and calcite

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