Medical Terminology Basic Ch 6

128 terms by rodolfo_magbulos 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

The Respiratory System

Nasal

Means pertaining to the nose

Cavity

Means space

The nares

Is the space inside the nose

Septum

The partition that divides the nares is known as:

nas/o or rhin/o

is a combining form meaning nasal cavity.

gastric

is a root word meaning stomach

Nasogastric

Medical word meaning related to nose and stomach.

-rrhagia

is a suffix meaning bursting of blood (bleeding or hemorrhaging)

Rhinorrhagia

Medical term meaning bursting forth of blood from the nose (nosebleed)

-rrhea

means discharge or flow

Rhinorrhea

Medical term meaning discharge of the nose.

Rhinitis

Is the inflammation of the nose

Sinusitis

is inflammation of the sinus.

sinus/o

combining form meaning hollow space or cavity of the nose.

Rhinostenosis

is the condition of a narrowed nasal passage.

sten/o

is a combining form meaning narrowing.

-stenosis

is a suffix meaning the condition of narrowing.

-plasty

Is a suffix meaning surgical repair.

Rhinoplasty

Is a plastic surgery of the nose.

Pharynx

The combined space behind the nasal cavity, the mouth, and the throat is the:

Pharyngitis

Is the inflammation of the throat pharynx.

pharyng/o

is a combining form meaning pharynx.

-pathy

is a suffix meaning disease.

Pharyngopathy

Is a term referring to any disease to the pharynx.

Nasopharyngeal

means pertaining to the nose and pharynx.

Larynx

Vocal cords are housed in a voice organ known as the:

Laryngitis

is the inflammation of the larynx.

laryng/o

is a combining form meaning larynx.

Laryngotracheobronchitis

is the inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi.

Laryngoplasty

Is a surgical repair of a tear in the larynx.

Trachea

Medical term for windpipe.

trache/o

is a combining form meaning trachea

-tomy

is suffix meaning pharynx.

-stomy

is a suffix referring to the making of an opening in a body wall.

Tracheotomy

Medical term meaning incision of the trachea.

Tracheostomy

Medical term meaning to form a new opening into the trachea.

Tracheopharyngotomy

is an incision into the trachea and the larynx.

Endotracheal

means inside the trachea or windpipe.

endo-

is a prefix meaning within.

Bronchitis

Is the condition of inflamed bronchi.

Bronchioles

Each branch of an Y or bronchus is divided into small branches as:

Bronchospasm

Is contraction of the muscles of the bronchi of the lungs.

bronch/o

is a combining form referring to the bronchus or bronchi.

-spasm

is a suffix meaning muscle contraction.

pne/o or -pnea

is combining form and suffix meaning breathing.

pneu/o

is combining form meaning air.

pneumon/o

is combining form meaning lungs.

Pneumoconiosis

Is a lung disease caused by an excessive inhaling of dust.

conis

is a word root meaning dust

coni/o

is a combining form meaning dust.

Pneumonectomy

Medical term meaning to excise a lung.

Pneumopathy

Medical term meaning disease of the lungs.

Pneumonia or Pneumonitis

Medical term meaning very serious inflammation of the lungs.

pleura

is a word root meaning the membrane lining the lungs and related organs.

pleur/o

is the combining form meaning the membrane lining the lungs.

-itis or -isy

are two suffixes meaning inflammation.

Pleuritis

Medical term meaning inflammation of the pleura.

Visceral pleura

is the inner membrane lining the lungs.

Parietal pleura

is the outer membrane lining the walls of the thoratic (chest) cavity.

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

COLD

Chronic obstructive lung disease

Mycosis

condition or disease caused by a fungus

Coccidioidomycosis

respiratory infection caused by the inhalation of a fungus spore

coccidioid/o

combining form referring to fungus Coccidioides immitis

pneumon/o

combining form meaning the lungs

Pneumonomycosis

respiratory infection of the lungs caused by a fungus

myc/o

is a combining form meaning fungus.

coccidioid/o

is a combining form referring to the fungus coccidioides immitis.

mycosis

is a word meaning disease caused by a fungus.

Laryngomyscosis

Medical term meaning a fungal disease of the larynx.

Pharyngomycosis

Medical term meaning a fungal disease of the pharynx.

Diptheria

is the clinical condition of fever , pain, and a specific infection of the nose and throat membrane.

Hemothorax

is blood in the pleural thoracic cavity.

hemo-

is a prefix meaning blood.

thorac/o

is a combining form meaning chest

Thoracotomy

Medical term meaning an incision in the chest.

Histoplasmosis

is a fungal infection of the lungs.

plasm/o

is a combining form meaning liquid part of the blood.

histo-

is a prefix meaning tissue.

Influenza

is the clinical condition when the respiratory tract suffers an acute infection from a virus.

Pertussis

Medical term for whooping cough.

per-

is a prefix meaning through.

tussis

is a root word meaning cough.

tubercul/o

is combining form referring to the microorganism Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Asphyxiation

Medical term for suffocation.

Asthma

is a condition marked by recurrent attacks of spasms and swelling of airway, with wheezing, usually caused by allergy.

atelectasis

an incomplete expansion of the lungs at birth or collapse of the adult lung.

atel/o

is a combining form meaning imperfect

-ectasis

is a suffix meaning expansion.

Bronchiectasis

is a chronic dilation (or expansion) of one or more bronchi or branch of the respiratory tract.

tachy-

means fast

brady-

means slow

a-

means without or none

Thoracocentesis

is a surgical puncture of the chest for removal of fluid.

Spirometer

is an instrument used to measure volume of air.

Laryngoscope

is an instrument used to examine the larynx.

-meter

is a suffix meaning an instrument used to measure.

spir/o

is a combining from meaning breathe.

Cyanosis

is bluish skin due to a lack of oxygen

cyan/o

is a combining form meaning blue.

Expectoration

is the expulsion of mucus or phlegm from the throat or lungs.

expectorant

The substance than can facilitate the expulsion of mucus from the throat or lungs.

-sptysis

is a suffix meaning spitting.

Hemosptysis

is the spitting of blood.

Dyspnea

Is breathing difficulty

eu-

is a prefix meaning good or normal

Eupnea

is normal breathing

Lobectomy

is the removal of part of the lung (a lobe)

lob/o

is a combining form referring to a lobe or defined part of an organ.

Orthopnea

is the condition of difficult breathing except in the upright, normal or straight position.

orth/o

is a combining from meaning upright, normal, or straight.

Percussion

(P) means striking.

Ausculation

(A) means listening for sounds.

steth/o

is a combining form meaning chest.

Perfusion

is the passage of a fluid through the blood vessels of a specific organ to supply nutrients and oxygen.

rales and rhonchi

Medical terms for the abnormal respiratory sound heard by a doctor during the chest examination.

Ventilator or respirator

is a device used to give oxygen or to improve breathing.

ABG(s)

arterial blood gas(es)

ARF

acute respiratory failure

CXR

chest x-ray

LLL

left lobe of the lung

Pao2

partial pressure of oxygen dissolved in the blood

PFT(s)

pulmonary function test(s)

R

respiration

RDS

respiratory distress signal

RUL

right upper lobe of the lung

TB

tuberculosis

TPR

temperature, pulse, and respiration.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set