The 14th through the 17th centuries; life primary in Europe; the transition between the medieval world and the modern world.
The cultural movement of the Renaissance
Leonardo de Medici
Wealthy merchant and patron of the arts.
A navigational tool that measures the altitude and how high the sun or the stars were.
A type of ship with multiple sails that makes transportation much easier.
Organizations of people who shared an occupation.
A cloth which is either woven or knitted (almost always wool).
Things from the Dark Ages
celebration of life
Printing press - Gutenberg (in fourteen forty five invents the printing press)
humanism - Martin Luther
Ties between art and math
The classics Return
Greek and Roman works
cloth: best at the time
gold: the very best gold at the time
arts and theater.
Beginning in 1517, when Martin Luther challenged some of the basic practices and beliefs of the Roman Catholic Church; gave the English people religious motives for colonization in the Americas.
He diagreed with the church and wrote the 95 theses.
John Wycliffe & Jan Hus
Are Martins inspiration; they are people before him who questioned the church.
Things that bring pleasure.
The pope who tries to rid of Martin Luther.
A split between two apposing parties.
People that are not apart of the church none religious
Causes of the Reformation
Serious church abuse
Ties between church and state
Wealth and power
1382 John Wycliffe and Jan Hus
Selling of indulgences
Pope Leo X
rise of Protestant denominations
Like a divorce; there is two kinds: religious and legal
Defenders of the Faith
A title given by the Pope to his Royal followers.
A church Reformer; believes the church is corrupt, but he wants to make the church better instead of leaving it altogether.
A world traveler from Venice who wrote about his experiences on Kublai Khan's court and his travels on the Silk Road.
Cosimo de' Medici
A powerful banker of from Florence, Italy who was a patron of the arts.
A painter and sculptor from Florence famous for painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and sculpting the Statue of David.
Leonardo da Vinci
An inventor, architect, sculptor, and engineer who painted the Mona Lisa, studied human anatomy, and created the wing.
An English playwright and poet who wrote Romeo and Juliet a story about forbidden love.
Energetic human being who was interested in science, literature, history, art, and other subjects
Follower of Martin Luther who "protested" the church.
Starting city-state of the Renaissance
Rules with the power of God and with his blessing.
A Protestant sect that believed only adults could make a free choice regarding religion; they also advocated pacifism, separation of church and state, and democratic church organization.
The official Roman Catholic agency founded in 1542 to combat international doctrinal heresy and to promote sound doctrine on faith and morals.
Arguments written by Martin Luther against the Catholic church. Written in response to a new campaign to sell indulgences.
King Henry VIII
English king who seized the monasteries to share their wealth with the middle and upper classes and who rationalized his divorce that he needed an heir and could not marry his brother's wife.
Queen Elizabeth I of England
Monarch who allowed religious freedom as long as the people practiced "quietly."
Inspired by Luther at first but he sought to prevent them because of the violence.
Catholic response to the Reformation.
Modern religious group tracing their origin to the Anabaptists.
Catholic group organized to fight heresy.
Thirty Years' War
A series of wars between Protestants and Catholics involving many European countries.
The sharing of power between local governments and a strong central government.
The fight against Protestants
The pope created religious courts, a list of banned books and missionary work was used.
Results of Reformation
Religious conflict, Roman Catholic Church reform, missionaries spread Catholicism, Northern Europe becomes mainly Protestant, and Protestant churches practice self-government.
A major change in government that began in 1789; it brought an end to the absolute monarchy and a start to a representative government.
A combination of the absolute monarchy and feudalism in France; it included the three estates.
This was legislative branch of the government; it proclaimed an end to the absolute monarchy and the start of a representative government.