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Dynamic Fitness Ch. 8-11 Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Plaque
  2. Resting Metabolic Rate
  3. Legumes
  4. Somatic Nervous System
  5. Food Irradiation
  1. a The treatment of foods with gamma rays, x-rays, or high-voltage electrons to kill potentially harmful pathogens and increase shelf life.
  2. b Vegetables such as peas and beans that are high in fiber and are also important sources of proteins.
  3. c The energy required (in calories) to maintain vital body functions, including respiration, heart rate, body temperature, and blood pressure, while the body is at rest.
  4. d The branch of the peripheral nervous system that governs motor functions and sensory information, largely under conscious control.
  5. e A deposit of fatty substances on the inner wall of the arteries.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. A food-group that provides practical advice to ensure a balanced intake of the essential nutrients.
  2. Fiber that dissolves in water and is not broken down by bacteria in the large intestine.
  3. Heart Disease caused by atherosclerosis in the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle.
  4. A mood disorder characterized by loss of interest, sadness, hopelessness, loss of appetite, disturbed sleep, and other physical symptoms.
  5. The collective physiological and emotional responses to any stimulus that disturbs an individual's homeostasis.

5 True/False Questions

  1. Free RadicalA steroid hormone secreted by the cortex (outer layer) of the adrenal gland; also called hydrocortisone


  2. Daily ValuesA simplified version of the RDAs used on food labels; also included are values for nutrients with no established RDA.


  3. AtherosclerosisA condition in which the bones become thin and brittle and break easily.


  4. Eating DisorderA serious disturbance in eating patterns or eating-related behavior, characterized by a negative body image and concerns about body weight or body fat.


  5. EustressStress resulting from a pleasant stressor.


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