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Which term describes a reduction

manipulation

which treatment of a fracture requires the fracture to be exposed to view or opened at a remote sire for nailing across the fracture?

open

which of the following terms describes traction by use of strapping, elastic wraps, or tape?

skin

wound exploration codes have the following services bundled into the codes....

exploration, including enlargment, debridment, removal of foreign body, minor vessel ligation, repair.

the application of a cranial halo is a form of

external fixation

this type of graft is often taken from the lower thigh area.

fascia graft

Insertion of a device into the muscle to measure the pressure within the muscle is monitoring of

interstitial fluid pressure

fast becoming the treatment of choice for many orthopedic surgeons is what type of procedure?

endoscopy/arthroscopy

which of the following is not a fracture treatment?

replantation

Whaich of the following flaps describes a bone graft that is taken along with the skin and tissue that overlies te bone?

free osteocutaneous

Fracture codes are based on

treatment type

the restoration of a fracture or dislocation to its normal anatomic alignment by the application of manually applied force is known as..

manipulation

a hip replacement is coded based on the

medical reason for the surgery

open treatment o a fracture is when the

fracture is surgically opened and visualized or opened remotely.

where is the bimalleolar bone located

ankle

Which of the following is not a tretment method for a dislocation?

external fixation

What is the difference between the code for a soft tissue abcess in the muskuloskeletol system subsection and the codes for abcess in the integumentary system subsection?

b. the code in the musculoskeletal system subsection is associated with deep rissue possibly to the bone.

arthrocentesis is

d. an injection into the joint, an aspiration of fluid from the joint and a puncure of a joint cavity.

the acronym ORIF stands for

open reduction with external fixation

________ is the attatchemt of a spinal fixation device at each end of the area being repaired and at least one other attachment in the area being repaired.

segmental instrumentation

electrical or ultrasound stimulation is used to

promote healing

surgical and fracture repair codes in the musculoskeletal subsection

include the application and removal of the initioal casts, splints, or strapping applied by the treating physiscian.

a bunionectomy is a hallux___ correction

valgus

arthroscopy is a desirable treatment choice by physicaians and patients because the

incisons are smaller, risk of infection is decreased, and quicker recovery time.

a _____ arthroscopy is always included in a surgical procedure

diagnostic

the following is not a type of bunionectomy

mumford

bone grafts are often coded in conjunction with a surgical procedure. What is the appropriate modifier to apply to the bone graft code?

no modifier

_____ is the application of pulling force to hols a bone in correct alignment

traction

name four of the five graft types represented in the musculoskeletal subsection

bone graft, tissue, facia, cartilage, tendon

red bone marrow is fount in spongy or ________ bone

cancellais

hard, dense bone tissue lying under the preiosteum is called _______ bone

compact

series of bone canals containing blood vessels are the _______

haversian canals

fluid found within the joint is

synovial fluid

collar bone

clavical

wrist bones

carpals

knee cap

patella

foot bones

metatarsals

shoulder blade

scapula

upper arm bine

humerus

breast bone

sternum

thigh bone

Femur

finger bones

phalanges

hand bones

metacarpals

lower arm bone (little finger side)

ulna

lower arm bone (thumb side)

radius

collar bone

clavical

backbone

vertebral column

shin bone

tibia

smaller of the two leg bones

fibula

three parts of the pelvis

ilium, ischium, and the pubis

midfoot bones

metatarsals

-desid

bend

-emia

blood condition

-malacia

softening

-algia

pain

-porosis

pore

dia-

complete, through

poly-

many

sub-

below

supra-

many

fascia

fasci/o

upper arm bone

humer/o

flesh

sarc/o

flesh

thorac/o

inflamation of the tendon

tendonitis

tumor (benign) of cartilage

chondroma

inflamation of a sac or fluid near a joint

buritis

fixation of a kneecap

patellapexy

tumor (benign) of smooth, visceral muscle

leiomyoma

inflamation of bone and bone marrow

osteomyelitis

osteodystrophy

defective bone develpment

malleolus

anle

podagra

gout

condyle

knuckle like protection

fossa

shallow cartilage on bone

tubercle

rounded process on bone

trochanter

larger process on femur for muscle

foramen

opening for blood vessels and nerves

fissure

narrow deepressed opening

subluxation

partial or uncomplete dislocation

arthrodesis

bending of a joint

pyrexia

fever

calcaneus

heel bone

acetabulum

socket for femur

acromion

priojection of scapula

malleolus

process on ankle

olecranon

elbow bone

osteogenic sarcoma

malignant tumor of bone

fibromyalgia

pain in the muscle and fibrous tissue

leiomyosarcoma

maliganat tumor of smooth muscle

muscular dystrophy

poor development

fascitis

inflamation of the facias

spongy, porous bone tssue is also called

cancellous bone

outward extension of the shoulder bone is the

acromion

an opening or passage in bones where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave is

foramen

the projection of the temporal bone is the

mastoid process

knuckle like process at the end of a bone is called

condyle

mandible, vomer, maxilla, and zygomatic are all bones of the

face

occipital, sphenoid, frontal, temporal and ethmoid are bones of the

cranium

the shaft long bone is called the

diaphysis

poor formation of a bone

ostodystrophy

slipping or subluxation of a vertebra

spondylolosthesi

operation performed to relieve the symptoms of a slipped disk

laminectomy

lateral curvature of the spinal colum

scoliosis

vitamin D deficiency leads to softening of the bone, aka

osteomalacia

pertaining to the upper arm bone

humeral

the shoulder bone is the

scapula

the smaller of the two leg bones is the

fibula

inflamation of the bone and bone marrow is

osteomyelitis

clubfoot

talipes

a splintered or crushed bone

comminuted fracture

surgical repair of a joint

arthroplasty

condition of stiffening and immobility of a joint

ankylosis

chronic inflamation of bones and joints due to degenerative changes in cartilage

osteoarthritis

inflamation of joints caused by excessive uric acis accumulation

gouty arthritis

malignant tumor of smooth muscle

leiomyosarcoma

wasting away(no development) of muscle

atrophy

fibrous membrane seperating muscles

fascia

movement away from the midline

abduction

pertaining to the heart muscle

myocardial

pain of many muscles

polymyalgia

act of turning the palm upward

supination

muscle connected to internal organs

visceral

connection of muscle to the bone that moves

insertion

connection of muscle to a stationary bone

origin

two mineral substances necessary for proper develpment of bones are

calcium and phosphorus

the ends of a long bone are called the

epiphysis

a sac of fluid near a joint is a

bursa

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