old order; system of government in PRE-REVOLUTION FRANCE.
BALLOTS. in which VOTERS have a DIRECT SAY on an issue
Declaration of the Rights of MAN and the CITIZEN (MALE CITIZENS)
INSPIRED REVOLUTION, such as FREEDOM and equality of all MALE CITIZENS before the law.
Continental System (BLOCKADE)
BLOCKADE designed by Napoleon to HURT BRITAIN ECONOMICALLY by closing European ports to British goods; ultimately unsuccessful.
Declaration of Pilnitz (PROTECT)
Document where TWO MONARCHS threatened to INTERVENE to PROTECT French MONARCHY.
Olympe de Gouges
JOURNALIST; demanded EQUAL RIGHTS in her DECLARATION of RIGHTS of WOMEN and FEMALE CITIZENS
Marquis de Lafayette
the ARISTOCRATIC "hero of 2 worlds"; fought ALONGSIDE with GEORGE WASHINGTON in the AMERICAN REVOLUTION.
device used in the REIGN OF TERROR to execute thousands by BEHEADING.
embodied ENLIGHTENMENT PRINCIPLES such as EQUALITY of ALL CITIZENS BEFORE the LAW and RELIGIOUS TOLERATION and ABOLITION of FEUDALISM.
financial EXPERT and ADVISER.
HIT-AND-RUN techniques (RAIDS) in fighting.
to AVOID BATTLES with NAPOLEON' the RUSSIANS retreated EASTWARD, BURNING CROPS, and VILLAGES as they went.
ROME; officials from PATRIARCH CLASS, who SUPERVISED and COMMANDED ARMIES.
LEADER OF THE REIGN OF TERROR. Shrewd LAWYER and POLITICIAN; quickly rose to LEADERSHIP of the COMMITTEE of the PUBLIC SAFETY. Was later beheaded.
MIDDLE CLASS: BANKERS and MERCHANTS. MANUFACTURERS, LAWYERS, DOCTORS, JOURNALISTS and PROFESSORS. B,M,M,L,D,J,P.
What were the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Estates made up of?
The ANCIEN REGIME.
Result of Estates-General was?
LEGISLATIVE BODY of representatives of three estates.
How did the National Assembly vote to ay off government debt?
The NATIONAL ASSEMBLY VOTED to PAY OFF government DEBT by INCREASING TAXES, REDUCING EXPENSES, and/or BOTH.
What was the model of the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen?
In 1792 the National Convention formed--
21) Reign of Terrors Directory phase dominant political force?
REIGN of TERROR phase dominant POLITICAL FORCE.
One country able to remain outside Napoleon's empire--
How did the Congress of Vienna promote legitimacy? Main Goals?
Restoring HEREDITARY MONARCHIES; BALANCING POWER and SUPPRESS revolutionary UPRISINGS.
The National Assembly is made up mostly of which estate?
National Assembly voted to pay off huge debt by selling land owned by--
THE CHURCH; they gave up exclusive HUNTING RIGHTS as well as EXEMPTION from TAXES.
What did the participants of the Tennis Court Oath swear?
"NEVER to SEPARATE and to MEET wherever the CIRCUMSTANCES might require unti ESTABLISHING a SOUND and JUST constitution."
Third Estate's poorest members
Main Point of Women's March to Versailles?
Demand to see the KING.
National Assembly's form of Government from 1791 Constitution?
ABSOLUTE MONARCHY; ruling FRANCE for centuries.
Voting rights took control of the Legislative Assembly (1792)?
WAR of WORDS between FRENCH REVOLUTIONARIES and EUROPEAN MONARCHS moved onto the BATTLFFIELD.
The Committee of Public Safety was in charge of what in the Reign of Terror?
TRIALS and EXECUTIONS.
Nation outside Napoleon's Empire?
Tactic that helped Russians defeat Napoleon?
Why did the Congress of Vienna redraw national boundaries?
monumental task of RESTORING STABILITY and ORDER of Euope after WAR.
Battle of Waterloo?
Napoleon's FINAL DEFEAT. -BELGIUM.