Energy Balance and Healthy Body Weight

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The accumulation of excess visceral fat in the body may lead to health complications because:

it can lead to chronic inflammation, which has been linked to heart disease

Mary has a waist circumference of 38 inches. Based on this information you conclude that:

she develops fat centrally and she is at an increased risk for disease

A 55-year-old woman with a BMI of 31 and waist circumference of 37 whose father and grandfather died of heart disease is at _____ risk of developing heart disease

very high

A woman who is a varsity soccer player has a BMI of 32, a waist circumference of 32, and 30 percent body fat. What would you say about her body composition?

she is within recommendations for waist circumference and percent body fat

You have chosen to treat yourself to one weekly mocha latte coffee, which has 215 calories. This could add how much to your body weight in a year's time?

3 pounds

John routinely consumes 7,000 calories per day in excess of his energy expenditure. How much body fat would John store per day as a result of this practice?

2 pounds

The thermic effect of foods eaten can contribute to total energy expended in a day because:

metabolism is stepped up for several hours after a meal in the metabolic response to food

When determining the BMR for an individual it is important to consider which of the following factors that will affect the rate?

the amount of daily physical activity, because it increases BMR over time

Paul is a 19-year-old athlete who is 6' tall and weighs 178 pounds; Rick is a 40-year-old salesman who weighs 165 pounds and is 5' 7" tall. Who would have the higher basal metabolic rate?

Paul

You are weighing a team of football players and according to the BMI values they appear to be obese. Which of the following would you most likely conclude?

Their muscle weight is probably responsible for the elevated scale weights and their bones may be well mineralized, which contributes to their weights

A woman weighs 210 pounds and is 65 inches tall. Calculate her BM

35

Johnnie's father is 5' 11" tall and weighs 165 pounds, while his mother weighs 164 pounds and is 5' 2" tall. Johnnie's chances of becoming obese are at least _____ percent

30

A woman who is trying to get pregnant has a BMI of 17 and a 10 percent body fat value. What factors should she consider concerning her body composition?

because of her low body fat composition she may have trouble with infertility

You are trying to reduce your food intake by skipping lunch for several weeks to lose weight and fit into a favorite outfit for a special occasion. However, by the middle of the afternoon you are very uncomfortable with the empty feeling in your stomach and feel you "have to" eat. This is caused by:

Hunger

The major role that the hormone ghrelin plays in eating is to:

signal hunger on an empty stomach

You go to the movie theater after eating dinner and smell the popcorn in the concession stand. Although you are full, you start salivating and your stomach grumbles, so you buy a bag to eat during the show. This is an example of what signal for eating?

appetite

Susie has been overweight for many years. She tends to eat when she is not really hungry and eats more food when she is angry or depressed. Which of the following could explain Susie's problem of overweight?

external cues

How has physical activity played a role in weight trends in the U.S. recently?

sedentary activities have replaced outdoor play for many people

All of the following are recommendations for physical activity to maintain a healthy body weight except:

only aerobic physical activities are beneficial for weight loss

Which of the following is the best recommendation to use the built environment in a neighborhood to encourage healthy weight practices?

using a bicycle for transportation when bike paths are available

The best way to begin to use physical activity to assist with weight control is to

incorporate multiple periods of short-duration moderate activity throughout the day

What would be a good way for a low-income person living in the inner city to get exercise?

purchase a low-cost exercise DVD or video to use at home

If a person uses fasting to lose weight, how will his or her body react?

the body will break down fat into ketone bodies to provide fuel

When setting a target for weight loss, an appropriate goal would be:

reduction of body weight by 5-10% over a year's time

Recommendations for planning a diet for weight loss include the following:

reduce calories as appropriate based on current BMI

Donna weighs 160 pounds. How many grams of fat should Donna consume in order to meet the DRI recommendation, if she consumes 1600 calories a day?

35-62

Which of the following foods has the greatest energy density?

vanilla ice cream that weighs 39 grams and is 155 calories

Which of the following is a valid recommendation for managing portion sizes of foods in order to manage weight?

choose smaller plates, glasses, and utensils and to eat just until satisfied and then stop, even if food remains

The most important time of the day to eat when you are trying to lose weight is:

breakfast, because it may help reduce food intake all day long

A person who is trying to gain weight and muscle mass will have the best outcome by:

choosing nutrient- and energy-dense foods to help build new body tissue

James is trying to gain weight. Which of the following would you suggest to help James with his goal?

Choose milkshakes instead of milk

Your aunt is seriously considering having gastric surgery to help her lose weight because previous weight-loss diets have been unsuccessful. What information would you give to help her make her decision?

it is a serious decision because of the lifetime medical and nutrition supervision needed after surgery

A good way to help dieters to solve problems and increase motivation is to teach them to:

use cognitive restructuring of thoughts

A woman is using behavior modification to change her eating habits in order to lose weight. Which of the following behaviors would be most successful for changing a particular cue?

when eating out she asks for a box at the beginning of the meal to split the portion on her plate

Characteristics of victims of anorexia nervosa include:

they come from middle- or upper-class families and they tend to be perfectionists

Central to the diagnosis of anorexia nervosa is:

a distorted body image

Successful treatment for a young woman with anorexia nervosa includes:

stopping the cycle of weight loss and establishing regular eating patterns

Characteristics of bulimia include all of the following except:

the victim is unaware that her behavior is abnormal

You suspect that your new college roommate may have an eating disorder because, although she seems to have a normal body size, you have heard her frequently vomiting after a meal, and her tooth enamel is becoming corroded. She also will frequently eat 3 boxes of crackers at one time to relieve stress and will then feel guilty afterwards. These are most likely symptoms of:

bulimia nervosa

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