individual empire named for the Franks that began to develop after the Treaty of Verdun in 843
king who began the Capetian line of kings
French line of kings that marked the beginning of the modern French nation
tiny patch of land that was Hugh Capet's feudal domain
the city that Clovis made the French capital in 507
French king who strengthened his power, authority, and dominance
Philip II (Philip Augustus)
king who made the French monarchy stronger than any other single noble in France; accompanied Richard I in the crusade of kings
Philip II's grandson who is remembered for improving French laws in ways that appealed to the people but also increased his own power
French king who quarreled with Pope Boniface VIII over whether the king could tax the clergy without the pope's consent; arrested Boniface VIII and established the Estates-General
pope who quarreled with Philip IV over whether the king could tax the clergy without the pope's consent; was arrested by Philip and died shortly afterward
weak French version of Parliament established by Philip IV
House of Valois
line of kings that claimed the throne of France following the Capetian line, creating an immediate excuse for the Hundred Years' War
date of the death of the last Carolingian king
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again
Reload the page to try again!
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.