government is restricted in what it may do and each individual has certian rights that governement cannot take away
A document King John was forced to sign that included fundamental rights for the people such as trial by jury and due process of law
Petition of rights
limited the king's power
English BIll of Rights
like ours included guaranteees such as the right to a fiair trial, and freedom from cruel and unusual punishment
the first colony of the 13 original colonies
the last colony of the 13 originial colonies
subject to the direct control of the Crown
the basis on which each colony was formed. It's a written grant of authority from the king.
two law making chambers
represents the people of the state amount is based on population. Oregon has 5. 435 representatives in total.
representing states as a whole. each state has two. 100 in total.
a joing of several groups for a common purpose.
government can exist only with the consent of the goverened.
States did not want o giveup too much independence to a new central government.
Separation of Powers
law making, enforcing, and interpreting funcitons of government should be in the hands of different groups.
Checks and Balances
each branch of government would be able to counter the power of the other so that no one branch will have all the authority.
States and federal government may make laws - sate and local laws may no conflict with federal law or the federal constitution.
The people being ruled have little or no say in their rulers or the rules.
People being ruled have direct voting control over all the rule makers and rules.
People being ruled have a direct voitng contol over all rule makers and rules.
People being governed select the empowered individuals within their community to represent their intrests in government by passage of laws.
Powers that are peleed out in the constitution.
Powers that are the domain of one level of government branch. (ex: only congress, in the federal government, has the power to declare war.)
Powers that are possed by both the state and federal governments, (ex: taxation, regulation of minimum wage.)
Powers left to the states. (ex: marriage, driving.)