Mrs. White

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45 terms · Chapter 8 Constitution and Amendents

bill

a propsed law presented before a legislature to be debated and prehaps enacted

bipartisanship

when two politcal parties work together

Cabinet

the heads of major departments of the U.S. government's executive branch, who serve as advisers to the President

citizen

a person who owes allegiance

civilian

nonmilitary

federal

the national government

House of Representatives

one of the two chambers of Congress based on a state's population

inagruation

a ceremony held to induct someone into office usually the winner of the presidential election

judicial review

the power of the Supreme Court and lower courts to examine laws and decide if they are Constitutional

legislative

law making body

natural-born

born in this country

override

to overcome presidetial veto by two-thirds vote

Senate

one of two chambers of Congress, two fro each state

unconstitutional

used to describe a law or action that the Supreme Court rules as in violation of the Constitution

Preamble

openning statement of the Constitution

Domestic Tranquility

peace or order at "home"

General Welfare

well-being of all citizens

liberty

freedom

articles

7 sections of the Constitution

popular sovereignty

states that the people have the right alter or abolish their government

limited government

only the powers that the Constitution gives

checks and balances

safe-guards against the abuse of power

federalism

division of power between the federal government and the states

electorial college

group of electors from every state who meet every four years to vote for the President and Vice-President

Supreme Court

highests court in the U.S.

appeal

ask for a courts decision to br reviewed by a higher court

unconstitutional

no allowed by the Constutution

veto

rejecting a bill

impeach

bring charges of serious wrongdoing against the President

First Amendement

Freedom or Religion, Speech and free press

Second Amendement

Right to bear arms

incriminate

forced to give evidence against themselves

civil

non-criminal trials

Civil War Amendments

Amendments added to the Constitution as a result of the Civil War---13th, 14th ,and 15th

Nineteenth Amendment

expaded voting rights to women

Twenty-Sixth Amendment

lowered te voting age to 18

constitutional initiative

sponsers an amendment and gathers signatures on a petition

infrastructure

system of roads, bridges and tunnles

local government

government in the county, parish, city or town

naturalized

leagal process of becoming a citizen

immagrant

someone who comes to a country

resident alien

non-citizen living in the country

civic virtue

willingness to work for the good of the nation or community

patriotism

love for one's country

jury duty

to serve on a jury when selected

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