In 646 - the attempt to remake Japanese monarch into an absolute Chinese-style emperor; included attempts to create a proffesional bureaucracy and peasant conscript army- developed in the Taika era,
Capital city of Japan under the Yamato emperors, later called Kyoto; built in order to escape influence of Buddhist monks; patterned after ancient imperial centers of China; never fully populated, Japanese period (794-1185), a brilliant cultural era notable for the world's first novel,Lady Murasaki's The Tale of Genji ; Emperor moved his court there in 794; blended Chinese and Japanese ideas; women were expected to be as cultured as men
the first family to dominate the Japanese imperial court and to their advantage by holding important offices and marrying into the emperor's family, they gained control of the central government from the mid-800s to the mid-1100s; aided in the decline in the imperial power
Regional warrior leaders in Japan; ruled small kingdoms from fortresses; administered the law, supervised public works projects, and collected tax for themselves;created their own mounted and armed forces called samurais(served the military elite)-Caused western Europe and Japan's modern-day similarity
The most powerful families that fought for dominance during the 1180s in the Gumpei wars. The Minamoto were victorious in 1185 and established a military government called the bakufu (shoguns were their military leaders) centered at Kamakura. The emperor and court were preserved, but all power rested with the Minamoto and their samurai. Japanese feudalism was under way.
developed during the postclassical age in Japan and Western Europe.Used it to sustain a centralized political form. began when the Gumpei wars ended
Earliest Korean kingdom;conquered by the Han in 109 BCE ;lasted from 1392 to 1910. During this period, King Sejong's scolars invented hangul, and Korea became known as the "Hermit Kingdom".(Korea got the most influence by china)
Independent Korean kingdom in southeast; defeated Koguryo and Paekche along with their Chinese Tang allies; submitted as a vassal of the Tang emperor and agreed to tribute payment; ruled united Korea by 668.; the Chinese received tribute and left Silla to govern Korea.
The Koreans maintained independence until the early twentieth century. Chinese influences peaked and Korean culture achieved its first full flowering. The Silla copied Tang ways, and through frequent missions, brought Chinese learning, art, and manufactured items to Korea.
Capital constructed by the silla on the model of Tang cities. There were markets, parks, lakes, and a separate district for the imperial family. The aristocracy built residences around the imperial palace. They favored Buddhism more than Confucianism, but still had Confucius teachings.
The Yi restored aristocratic dominance and tributary links to China. The dynasty lasted until 1910 and was established in 1392.
Known as "southern barbarians" by the Chinese; Raided by the Qin in 220 BCE but already formed their own distinct culture;were prepared to receive the benefits of Chinese civilization but not to lose their identity.; Favored nuclear family; women had more freedom and influence than Chinese women did. General customs and cultural forms were very different from those of China.
After 111 BCE., the Chinese conquered and governed Veitnam directly; they presided over the introduction of Chinese culture. Viets attended Chinese schools They took exams for administrative posts. They made Vietnamese agriculture the most productive in Southeast Asia and led to higher population density. The use of Chinese political and military organization gave the Viets a decisive advantage over the Indianized peoples to the west and south.
Leaders of one of the frequent peasant rebellions in Vietnam against Chinese rule; revolt broke out in 39 c.e.; demonstrates importance of Vietnamese women in indigenous society.
Le dynasty (980-1009)
ruled Vietnam through a bureaucracy modeled on the Chinese system, but the local scholar-gentry never gained the power that class held in China. Local Viet officials identified with village rulers and the peasantry instead of the ruling dynasty. Buddhist monks also had stronger links with common people, especially women, than did the Confucian bureaucrats.
Khmer and Chams
Indianized Vietnamese peoples defeated by Northern government at Hanoi; lived in the lowlands
Rival Vietnamese dynasty that arose in southern Vietnam to challenge traditional dynasty of Trinh in north at Hanoi; kingdom centered on Red and Mekong rivers; capital at Hue.
System in which people surrounding China sent emissaries who offered tribute to the Chinese emperor and acknowledged the superiority of the emperor and China.
Dynasty that ruled in north Vietnam at Hanoi, 1533 to 1772; rivals of Nguyen family in South.
created by,Ashikaga Takuaji,c Member of the Minamota family; overthrew the Kamakuro regime and established the from 1336-1573; drove emperor from Kyoto to Yoshino.