to peacefully protest
process by which people vote directly on a bill
process that permits voters to put legislative measures directly on the ballot
the act of removing an official by petition
A government ruled by a king or queen
a monarchy in which the ruler is limited by a parliamentary constitution
people elect representatives to the government
form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority
indigenous tribes have the right to govern themselves, yet also under U.S. law
being born on U.S. soil, having one parent as a U.S. citizen, be adopted by U.S. citizen
Articles 1, 2, and 3 of the Constitution
Legislative Branch, Executive Branch, Judicial Branch
Philosophies of the Declaration of Independence
All Men are Created Equal, Life LIberty and the Pursuit of Happiness
lowered the voting age to 18
Women have the right to vote
a plan that settled the differences between large and small states to have a popularly elected House based on state population and a state-selected senate, with two members for each state.
slaves count three fifths of a person for population representation and taxation
people who opposed the Constitution
Supporters of the Constitution
checks and balances
each branch of the national government can check the actions of the other two branches
a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
the introduction to the Constitution
Supreme Law of the Land
this says that the U.S. Constitution has authority over any other laws that are passed
freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition
A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the People to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments to the Constitution
Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures
5th and 6th Amendment
Your Trial Rights
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
citizenship, due process, equal protection
protects those accused of a crime, no double jeopardy, due process, no self-incrimination, right to counsel, trial by jury, no torture
Guarantees the right to a speedy, impartial public trial in criminal cases with counsel and the right to cross examine.
This amendment granted black men the right to vote.
gave residents of Washington DC the right to vote
presidential succession, vice presidential vacancy, and presidential disability