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Ender's Game reading comprehension vocabulary set.

abject

utterly hopeless, miserable, despicable or wretched. Example: He lives in abject poverty.

acquiescence

agreement without protest

adulation

excessive praise or admiration

Albedo

percent of solar radiation reflected by a surface

Alliteration

use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse. Example: Around the rock the ragged rascal ran.

Annihilation

total destruction. Example: Bomb tests resulted in the annihilation of the city.

Apathy

an absence of emotion or enthusiasm

Arcane

requiring secret or mysterious knowledge. Example: The arcane science of dowsing.

Archaic

antiquated, from an earlier time; outdated

Ascetic

practicing great self-denial. Example: "Be systematically ascetic...do...something for no other reason than that you would rather not do it"- William James; "a desert nomad's austere life"; "a spartan diet"; "a spartan existence"

Astrogation

To navigate in outer space.

Attrition

a wearing down to weaken or destroy. Example: "a war of attrition".

Autonomy

self-government, political control

Commiserate

to feel or express sympathy or compassion

Compassion

the humane quality of understanding the suffering of others and wanting to do something about it

Contempt

lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike. Example: "he was held in contempt"; "the despite in which outsiders were held is legendary"

Corroborate

establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts. Example: "his story confirmed my doubts"; "The evidence supports the defendant or the evidence corroborates the defendant."

Court Martial

a trial that is conducted by a military court

Demagogue

A leader who exploits popular prejudices and false claims and promises in order to gain power

Denunciation

expression of strong disapproval made openly or publicly.

Derisive

abusing vocally. Example: expressing contempt or ridicule; "derisive laughter"; "a jeering crowd"; "her mocking smile"; "taunting shouts of 'coward' and 'sissy'"

Dessicated

dried up, dehydrated

Dirigible

a steerable self-propelled airship

Disingenuous

Lacking in candor, giving false appearance of simple frankness. Not genuine.

Empathy

understanding and entering into another's feelings

Errant

straying from the right course or from accepted standards. Example: "errant youngsters"

Excruciating

causing great pain or anguish; agonizing; unbearably painful

Exhilarated

made joyful. Example: "the sun and the wind on his back made him feel exhilarated--happy to be alive"

Exigencies

urgent situations, pressing needs

Extenuating

partially excusing or justifying. Example: "extenuating circumstances"

Extraneous

coming from the outside. Example: "extraneous light in the camera spoiled the photograph"; "relying upon an extraneous income"; "disdaining outside pressure groups"

Extricate

(v.) to free from entanglements or difficulties; to remove with effort. Example: "I cannot extricate myself from this task"

Fastidious

giving and careful attention to detail. Example: hard to please; excessively concerned with cleanliness; "a fastidious and incisive intellect"; "fastidious about personal cleanliness"

Feint

any distracting or deceptive maneuver (as a mock attack)

Fiat

an official order

Flotilla

a fleet of small craft

Hegemony

the domination of one state over its allies

Helot

(Middle Ages) a person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord

Immobility

remaining in place

Impassive

having or revealing little emotion or sensibility. Example: "deadpan humor"; "his face remained expressionless as the verdict was read"

Improvise

perform without preparation. Example: do with whatever is at hand; "after the hurricane destroyed our house, we had to improvise for weeks"

Incognito

(adj., adv.) in a disguised state, under an assumed name or identity; (n.) the state of being disguised; a person in disguise.

Incredulous

not disposed or willing to believe. Example: unbelieving

Ineptitude

unskillfulness resulting from a lack of training

Inscrutable

incapable of being understood; impossible to see through physically

Insubordinate

not submissive to authority. Example: "a history of insubordinate behavior"; "insubordinate boys"

Intelligentsia

an educated and intellectual elite

Invective

abusive or venomous language used to express blame or censure or bitter deep-seated ill will

Itinerant

an itinerant laborer who works for a short time in various places

Littoral

the region of the shore of a lake or sea or ocean

Maladroit

not adroit. Example: "a maladroit movement of his hand caused the car to swerve"; "a maladroit translation"; "maladroit propaganda"

Malicious

wishing or appearing to wish evil to others. Example: arising from intense ill will or hatred; "a gossipy malevolent old woman"; "failure made him malevolent toward those who were successful"

Malleable

easily influenced

Martyr

a person who dies for a cause

Megalomania

(n.) a delusion marked by a feeling of power, wealth, talent, etc., far in excess of reality

Melodramatic

overly dramatic

Mockery

act of making fun of someone or something

Negligence

the trait of neglecting responsibilities and lacking concern

Nonchalance

indifference; lack of concern; composure

Oblivion

total forgetfulness. Example: "he sought the great oblivion of sleep"

Optimum

best; most favorable; ideal

Ostentatious

intended to attract notice and impress others. Example: "an ostentatious sable coat"

Oust

remove and replace. Example: "The word processor has ousted the typewriter"

Percolate

to cause (a liquid) to pass through a porous body; filter

Peripheral

on or near an edge or constituting an outer boundary. Example: the outer area; "Russia's peripheral provinces"; "peripheral suburbs"

Petulant

peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset

Preemptive

done before others can act

Prostrate

render helpless or defenseless. Example: "They prostrated the enemy"

Provocateur

a secret agent who incites suspected persons to commit illegal acts

Pseudonym

a fictitious name used by an author; a pen name

Puerile

Childish; immature

Pupa

an insect in the inactive stage of development (when it is not feeding) intermediate between larva and adult

Reprisal

a retaliatory action against an enemy in wartime

Requisition

seizing property that belongs to someone else and holding it until profits pay the demand for which it was seized

Rictus

a gaping grin or grimace

Sadism

Get pleasure from inflicting pain

Skirmish

a minor short-term fight

Stalemate

a situation in which no progress can be made or no advancement is possible. Example: "reached an impasse on the negotiations"

Subservient

Subordinate in capacity or role; submissively obedient; serving to promote some end

Tactician

a person who is skilled at planning tactics

Tepid

lukewarm

Unconscionable

unscrupulous; shockingly unfair or unjust

Unstintingly

not holding back

Vertigo

a reeling sensation. Example: feeling about to fall

Vestigial

something in an underdeveloped form

Vivisect

to dissect the living body of an animal

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