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energy

ability to do work, meausured in different units depending on type of energy

conservation law of energy

energy can not be created or destroyed. energy can be converted from one type to another

mechanical energy

energy associated with motion (motors, engines)

heat

internal motion of matter, matter changing state from solid to liquid to gas

chemical energy

energy that bonds atoms together (fuels, batteries, food)

electromagnetic energy

energy of electrical charge (light, electricity, Gamma rays)

nuclear energy

energy locked inside nucleus of an atom (fission and fusion)

chemical energy storage places

fats, carbohydratres, proteins

calorie

measure of how much energy is stored

1 calorie of energy

increase in temp of 1 gram by 1 degree celcius

calculating calories

vol of water x deltaT x 1

nonrenewable sources

fossil fuels and nuclear

renewable sources

biomass, solar, wind, hydroelectric, geothermal

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