Diseases of Head & Neck 1
|odontoma||What is the most common odontogenic tumor?|
|Bacteria ferment sugars and produce acidic products which dissolves minerals in enamel||How do bacteria cause caries?|
|plaque and tartar||What causes gingivitis?|
|specific anaerobic and microaerophilic bacteria||What is the cause of periodontitis?|
What would you call this reactive fibrous papule from chronic irritation?
|pyogenic granuloma|| |
What would you call this benign tumor of reparative granulation tissue found in a pregnant woman?
|peripheral giant cell granuloma|| |
What tumor is a reactive gingival proliferation of giant cells and stroma?
|mucocele, extravasation type|| |
Following a traumatic injury to a minor salivary gland, mucin spills into the soft tissue, what is this called?
|aphthous ulcer|| |
What type of ulcer occurs during stress and is associated with inflammatory bowel disease?
|vitamin deficiency (ex. iron)||What is the most common cause of atrophic glossitis?|
|HSV-1||What oral infection can cause acute herpetic gingivostomatitis in 10 to 20% of infected individuals?|
What can cause recurrent stomatitis when pt is stressed, ill, immunosuppressed and usually heals within 10 days?
|tzanck smear||What test is used to diagnose herpes?|
|candida albicans|| |
What can over grow in immunosuppressed pts mouths and can be scraped off?
|leukoplakia and erythroplakia||What are 2 precursors of squamous cell carcinoma in the mouth?|
|EBV||What is the cause of hairy leukoplakia?|
|hyperkeratosis||What is the clinical appearance of leukoplakia caused by?|
|candida will scrape off||How can you differentiate between candida and leukoplakia?|
|biopsy!||If you find a patch of white on a pts tongue that does not scrape off, what would be your next step?|
|floor of mouth, tip of tongue, roof of mouth, back of tongue||What are the most common sites for squamous cell carcinoma in the mouth?|
|squamous cell carcinoma||What cancer makes up 95% oral cancers and is associated with tobacco, alcohol, and HPV?|
|field cancerization||What phrase would you use to describe multiple primary tumors occurring individually over time?|
(oral squamous cell carcinoma)
Would this be characterized as malignant or benign?
|dentigerous cyst|| |
What would you call this type of cyst that originates around an unerupted tooth?
|odontogenic keratocyst|| |
What type of cyst is locally aggressive, with a high recurrence rate?
What would you call a low grade malignant tumor from odontogenic epithelium?
|nasal polyps|| |
What can chronic rhinitis lead to other than superimposed bacterial infections that extend into sinuses?
|β-hemolytic strep|| |
What bacteria is mainly responsible for the symptoms in the picture?
| rheumatic fever|
|What are 2 possible complications of strep infection?|
|nasopharyngeal angiofibroma|| |
What tumor is exclusive in young males and causes frequent nose bleeds?
|olfactory neuroblastoma|| |
What is a small round blue cell tumor that arises from neuroendocrine cells?
|nasopharyngeal carcinomas||What is the most frequent African childhood cancer?|
|EBV||Nasopharyngeal carcinomas are associated with what virus?|
|undifferentiated||What histological type of nasopharyngeal carcinoma is the most radiosensitive?|
|nasopharyngeal carcinoma||What tumor do you want to think of when a pt has squamous or undifferentiated carcinoma in cervical nodes without a known primary?|
|defect in the cilia lining the respiratory tract||What is kartagener syndrome?|
What fungal sinusitis is found in diabetics?
|meningitis||What can bacterial sinusitis possibly progress to?|
|HPV 6, 11||What infection is associated with sinonasal papilloma?|
|inverted sinonasal papilloma|| |
What type of benign tumors of squamous mucosa is the most aggressive and can be invasive with a higher recurrence rate?