In what type of pts is otitis media from P.aeruginosa aggressive and destructive?
What can repeated bouts of otitis media lead to?
What autosomal dominant disorder is characterized by bone deposits in the middle ear?
In what part of the ear do most ear tumors occur?
brachial cleft cyst
What type of cyst is usually found on the anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid?
no lymph node architecture in brachial cleft cysts
What trait helps differentiate between brachial cleft cysts and metastatic squamous cell carcinomas?
thyroglossal duct cyst
What type of cyst is found on the anterior and midline neck?
carotid body tumor (paraganglioma)
What would you call a slow growing neuroendocrine tumor arising from the area of the bifurcation of the carotid a.?
zellballen ("nests of chief cells")
What cell pattern is characteristic of paragangliomas?
What microbe is associated with layrngoepiglottitis?
What would you call inspiratory stridor from inflammatory narrowing of an airway that sounds like a barking seal?
What type of nodules form on the vocal cords, usually occur bilaterally, and are due to strain?
vocal cord polyps
What type of nodules form on the vocal cords, usually occur unilaterally, are do to smoking or can be idiopathic?
What characteristic feature of this laryngeal papilloma can you identify in the picture on the right?
HPV 6 and 11
What infection is associated with laryngeal papillomas?
How likely is it for a laryngeal papilloma to progress to a squamous cell carcinoma?
squamous cells from the epithelium of the true vocal cords
What cells do 95% of laryngeal carcinomas come from and what part of the larynx do they usually come from?
Hyperplasia → dysplasia → carcinoma
What is the sequence of cell morphology in laryngeal carcinomas?
Since most laryngeal carcinomas originate from squamous cells, what histological feature do you expect to see?
Drugs (ex. anticholinergics)
What are two differentials for a "dry mouth" due to decreased salivary production?
rheumatoid arthritis and lupus
What diseases can Sjögren syndrome be secondary to?
What is the term used to describe the inflammatory reaction seen in salivary glands in Sjogren's syndrome?
What is the most common salivary gland lesion?
What is a large mucocele that is found on the floor of the mouth called?
Where are most salivary tumors found?
inversely related to size
How can you estimate the malignancy probability of a salivary gland tumor?
What virus causes acute parotitis?
What type of bengin, painless, slow-growing, mobile, typically reoccurs salivary tumor is the most common?
What type of cells are pleomorphic adenomas typically derived from?
What type of salivary tumor is most often bengin, made of double layered epithelium, and common in male smokers?
What is the most common primary salivary gland cancer composed of squamous cells, mucin producing glandular cells and intermediate cells?
adenoid cystic carcinoma
What malignant salivary tumor tends to grow in perineural spaces and has a characteristic cribiform pattern?