A month later, a dismayed Washington learned that the army had only 36 barrels of gunpowder and Washington started a rumor in Boston that he had 1,800 barrels of gunpowder
Boston bookseller, loaded 59 cannons onto huge sleds and dragged them 300 miles to Boston. Knox's 42 sleds. Also carried 2,300 pounds of lead for future bullet
The British Abandon Boston On March 4, 1776
the British soldiers in Boston awoke to a frightening sight. The night before, the ridges of nearby Dorchester Heights had been bare. Now they bristled with cannons, all aimed on the city.
Rather than risk another bloodbath, General Howe abandoned the city. Within days, more than a hundred ships left Boston Harbor for Canada. The ships carried 9,000 British troops
The Olive Branch Petition
In July 1775, Congress sent a petition to George III asking him to end the quarrel. John Adams called the petition an ―olive branch,‖ because olive tree branches are an ancient symbol of peace.
Jefferson reasoned quite differently. All people are born equal in God's sight, he began, and all are entitled to the same basic rights. In Jefferson's eloquent words:
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
The King's Crimes
Jefferson included a long list of the king's abuses. In all these actions, Jefferson claimed, George III had shown that he was ―unfit to be the ruler of a free people."After Thomas Jefferson wrote the first draft of the Declaration of Independence, Benjamin Franklin and John Adams suggested changes.
The Final Break
On July 1, 1776, the Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia's State House to debate independence. On July 2, all but one of the 13 colonies voted for independence. New York cast no vote.
Debate over Slavery
Adams was wrong about the date that would be celebrated as America's birthday, but only because Congress decided to revise Jefferson's declaration. Most of the delegates liked what they read, except for a passage on slaveryNortherners worried that New England merchants, who profited from the slave trade, might be offended. The passage was struck out.
the delegates approved a final version of the Declaration of Independence. One by one, they stepped forward to sign it.
Not Well- Supplied
Fought 3,000 miles away
British Citizens don't support war
Plenty of food
Home field advantage