What? - Humanist Academy
Where? - Florence at the house of Bardi
Who? - Bardi, Galilei, Mei, Caccini, maybe Peri and others.
Why? - to discuss Ancient Greek music and possible applications to modern practice.
Goal: revive ability to arouse emotions
Assumptions: Greek drama sung throuhgout
Result = monody and early opera
A type of vocal singing that approaches speech and follows the natural rhythms of the text
A composition on a sacred text for one or more singers and instrumental accompaniment.
"To be sung"a secular composition with coninuo, usually for solo voice, on a lyrical or quasi-dramatic text, consisting of several sections that included both recitatives and arias.
Composers: Rossi, Carissimi, Cesti, Strozzi, Scarlatti
A set of pieces that are linked together into a single work. Usually referred to a set of stylized dance pieces
(broken style) Lutenist often struck only one note at a time, they sketched in the melody, bass, and harmony by sounding the appropriate tones relying on the listener's imagination to supply the continuity of the various lines.
An imitative counterpoint piece for keyboard or ensemble in several contrasting sections, played either as chamber music or in church.
Short setting for organ of a Chorale Melody, used as an introduction for congregational singing or as an interlude in a Lutheran church service
Sonata de chiesa
Intended of performance in church; usually in four movements and scored for one or more treble instruemtns and continuo (Church Sonata)
da caop aria
Aria form with two sections. The first section is repeated after the second section close, which carries the instruction da capo, creating an ABA form
involves poetry, music, dance, constumes, choruses, and elaborate sets, akin to the French Court Ballet
Male singers who were castrated before puberty to preserve their high vocal range especially in Opera
A section of a composition in Imitatitve texture that is based on a single subject and begins with succesive statements of the subject in voices
a theologian and poet, created a new type of sacred work that he called by the Italian term cantata. Bach preferred this new style.
most famous castrato of all time, 1705-1782
(Musical Flowers,1635) a collection of three organ masses by Frescobaldi which contained the music an organist would play at Mass.