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accommodation

(physiology) the automatic adjustment in focal length of the lens of the eye

aneurysm

a cardiovascular disease characterized by a sac-like widening of an artery resulting from weakening of the artery wall

anosmia

absence of the sense of smell (as by damage to olfactory nasal tissue or the olfactory nerve or by obstruction of the nasal passages)

assessment

nursing, the portion of the nursing process that includes collecting and verifying data and analyzing the data as a basis for developing a patient's plan of care

auscultation

listening for sounds within the body, usually with a stethoscope or an ultrasound blood-flow detector (Doppler)

bronchial breath sounds

medium-pitched and quieter sounds normally heard over the mainstem bronchi

bruit

blowing or swishing sounds that reflect turbulent blood flow

cognitive

relating to all aspects and processes of perceiving, thinking, and remembering

bronchovesicular breath sounds

loud , high pitched hollow sounds normally heard over the trachea and the large bronchi.

affect

the external expression of enotion attached to thoughts, mood and ideas

clubbing

enlargement of the fingertips and flattening of the angle between the fingernail and the nailbed, a classic sign of long-term oxygen deprivation

cognitive

relating to all aspects and processes of perceiving, thinking and remembering

conjunctiva

the delicate membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the exposed surface of the sclera

crepitus

a dry, crackling or grating sound produced by air in subcutaneous tissue, by air moving through fluid in the alveoli of the lungs or by bone rubbing against bone.

distal

farthest from the origin of a part

edema

an accumulation of excess interstitiial fluid, usually in the subcuteneous tissues

erythema

redness of the skin produced by capillary congestion

extraocular muscles

a set of six muscles, innervated by the cranial nerves that move the eyes in a conjugate(parallel) manner

exudate

any material such as fluid, cells or cellular debris that has escaped from blood vessels and has been deposited in tissues or on tissue surfaces, usually as a result of inflammation

friction rub

a scratching or squeaking sound that persists throughout the respiratory cycle and does not clear with coughing

gingiva

gums surrounding the teeth

habitus

posture or position of the body: body build and constitution

hernia

the protrusion of a loop or portion of an organ or tissue through an abnormal opening

integument

skin

ischial tuberosity

a large protuberance on the inferior part of the posterior margin of the body of the ischium, the three major bones that make up each half of the pelvis

kyphosis

excessive convex curvature of the thoracic spine when viewed from the side

masseter muscle

the muscle that closes the mouth and is the mjor muscle involved in mastication (chewing)

murmur

a heart sound that can be benign or pathologic

naris

one of the external orifices of the nose

nystagamus

rapid, repetitive involuntary, rhythmic movement of the eyeball

otoscope

instrument used to examine the ears

pallor

paleness: a decrease or absence of skin coloration

palepebral fissure

the longitudinal opening between the eyelids

patent

open or unobstructed

peristalsis

the waves of contraction that propel contents through the gastrointestinal tract

plantar

pertaining to the sole of the foot

pneumothorax

an accumulation of air or gas in the plueral space

precordium

the region of the anterior surface of the body covering the heart and the stomach

proximal

nearest to the origin of a part

psychomotor

pertaining to motor effects of cerebral psychic activity

ptosis

drooping of the upper eyelid

purulent

containing pus

rales

crackles, dounds heard primarily during inhalatin and resulting from air bubbling through mositure in the alveoli or from collapsed alveoli popping open

rebound tenderness

pain that increases when pressure (as from a hand) is removed

regurgitation

valvular , backward flowing of blood through the orifices of the heart valves due to abnormal closing of the valves

rhonchi

dry, low-pitched, snore-like noises produced in the throat or bronchial tubve due to a partial obstruction such as secretions

scaphoid

shaped like a boat

sclera

the tough, white outer coat of the eyeball

scoliosis

lateral deviation in the normally straight vertical line of the spine

septum

nasal, a dividing wall or partition, such as the structure that separtes the two nares

speculum

an instrument that exposes the interior of a passage or cavity of the body by enlarging its opening

stenosis

an abnormal narrowing of a duct, canal or blood vessel

stridor

a harsh, high pitched sound such as that heard on inhalation with an acute laryngeal obstruction

tandem walking

placing the heel of one foot in front of and touching the toes of the other foot and repeating the process to walk in a straight line , used as a test of gait and sobriety

tangential lighting

a source of illumination directed from an angle to the side of what is being examined,

temporal

pertaining to the lateral region of the head

temporal muscle

muscle that arises in the temporal fossa and inserts into the lower jaw and closes the jaw

thorax

chest

thrill

a sensation fo vibration felt on palpation such as over the heart during loud, harsh cardiac murmurs

tripod position

a psoture that uses three points of support

ulnar

the larger of the two bones in the forearm on the side opposite that of the thumb

uvula

pendent, fleshy mass, most often used to refer to the one hanging from the soft palate above the root of the tongue

vesicular breath sounds

soft , fine,breezy, low pitched sounds heard over peripheral lung tissue

wheeze

a whistling noise with a high pitch, generalted by air flowing through narrowed airways

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