ARMY STUDY GUIDE

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WHAT IS SELF AID?

CARE APPLIED TO ONESELF

NAME SOME ITEMS THAT YOU MIGHT USE AS A SPLINT FROM YOUR MILITARY EQUIPMENT?

BAYONET, RIFLE, ENTRENCHING TOOL, TENT POLES AND STAKES, WEB BELT

HOW MANY PRESSURE POINTS, WHICH CAN BE USED TO CONTROL BLEEDING WITH FINGERS, THUMBS OR HANDS ARE THERE ON THE HUMAN BODY?

11

WHAT IS THE OBJECT OF FIRST AID?

STOP BLEEDING, OVERCOME SHOCK, RELIEVE PAIN, PREVENT SHOCK

WHAT FM COVERS FIRST AID?

FM 4-25.11

WHAT IS FIRST AID?

IT IS THE FIRST CARE GIVING TO A CASUALTIES BEFORE TRETMENT BY MEDICAL PERSONNEL CAN BE MADE AVAILABLE.

WHAT IS THE UNIQUE FEATURE OF TYPE "O" BLOOD?

IT IS A UNIVERSAL DONOR

WHAT ARE THE LIFE SAVING STEPS?

OPEN THE AIRWAY AND RESTORE BREATHING, STOP THE BLEEDING, PROTECT THE WOUND, PREVENT SHOCK

WHEN APPLYING A SPLINT, WHERE SHOULD THE BANDAGES BE TIED?

THE BANDAGES SHOULD BE TIED WITH THE KNOTS AGAINST THE SPLINT.

WHEN WOULD YOU NOT REMOVE A CASUALTIES CLOTHING TO EXPOSE A WOUND?

IF IN A CHEMICAL ENVIRNMENT OR IF THE CLOTHING IS STUCK TO THE WOUND

WHAT SOLDIERS ARE MOST LIKELY TO SUFFER HEAT INJURIES?

SOLDIERS NOT ACCUSTOMED TO THE HEAT, OVERWEIGHT SOLDIERS, PRIOR HEAT CASUALITIES, AND SOLDIERS ALREADY DEHYDRATED DUE TO ALCOHOL USE, DIARRHEA, OR LACK OF WATER

WHOSE FIRST AID DRESSING SHOULD BE USED ON A CASUALTY?

THE CASUALTY'S

HOW SHOULD THE ENDS OF AN IMPROVED PRESSURE DRESSING BE TIED?

TIE THE ENDS IN A NONSLIP KNOT, DIRECTLY OVER THE WOUND SITE. DO NOT TIE IT SO TIGHT THAT IT HAS A TOURNIQUET-LIKE EFFECT.

WHAT IS MANUAL PRESSURE?

PRESSURE THAT IS APPLIED FOR 5 TO 10 MINUTES IF BLEEDING CONTINUSES AFTER A FIELD DRESSING

SHOULD A CASUALTY BE GIVEN WATER TO DRINK?

NO

SHOULD YOU EVER LOOSEN OR REMOVE A TOURNIQUET?

NO

WHERE IS A TOURNIQUET APPLIED?

PLACED AROUND THE LIMB, BETWEEN THE WOUND AND THE BODY TRUNK. NEVER ON A JOINT

NAME THE THREE CATAGORIES OF HEAT INJURIES?

HEAT STROKE, HEAT CRAMPS, HEAT EXHAUSTION

WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND STMTOMS OF HEAT CRAMPS?

CRAMPING IN THE ARMS AND LEGS, ABDOINAL CRAMPS, EXCESSIVE SWEATING

WHAT IS THE TREATMENT FOR HEAT CRAMPS?

MOVE TO SHADY AREA, LOOSEN CLOTHING, DRINK A CANTEEN OF WATER SLOWLY

WHAT ARE TWO TYPES OF FRACTURES?

OPEN AND CLOSED/ COMPUND AND SIMPLE

WHAT ARE SOME SIGNS OF AN OPEN FRACTURE?

BLEEDING, BONE STICKING THROUGH THE SKIN

WHAT ARE SOME SIGNS OF AN CLOSED FRACTURE?

SWELLING, DEFORMAITY, DISCOLORATION, UNUSUAL BODY POSITION

WITH AN OPEN FRACTURE WHAT SHOULD YOU DO FIRST?

STOP THE BLEEDING

WHAT IS THE BASIC PROVEN PRINCIPLE IN SPLINTING A FRACTURE?

SPLINT THEM WHERE THEY LIE

HOW TIGHT SHOULD A TOURNIQUET BE?

UNTI BRIGHT RED BLOOD HAS STOPPED

WHAT ARE THE THREE TYPES OF BLEEDING?

ARTERIAL-BLOOD IS BRIGHT RE AND WILL SPURT OUT WITH EACH HEART BEAT, VENOUS- BLOOD IS DARK AND IT WILL FLOW IN A STEADY STREAM, CAPILLARY- BLOOD WILL OOZE FROM THE WOUND

WHAT ARE FOUR COMMON POINTS TO CHECK FOR A PULSE?

CAROTID-THE NECK, FEMORAL- THE GROIN, RADIAL- THE WRIST, POSTERIAL TIBIAL- THE ANKLE

WHAT IS A HEAT INJURY?

A LOSS OF WATER AND SALT, LOSS OF SWEAT WHILE PERSONNEL WORK IN THE HEAT, GENERAL DEHYDRATION OF THE BODY

HOW DO YOU STOP BLEEDING?

APPLY FIELD DRESSING, APPLY MANUAL PRESSURE, ELEVATE THE LIMB, APPLY PRESSURE DRESSING, APPLY DIGITAL PRESURE, APPLY TOURNIQUET

NAME TWO TYPES OF RECUSE BREATHING?

MOUTH TO MOUTH, MOUTH TO NOSE

WHEN SHOULD A CASUALTY NOT BE PLACED IN THE SHOCK POSITION?

HEAD INJURY, ABDOMINAL WOUND, FRACTURED (UNSPLINTED) LEG

HOW LONG IS DIRECT MANUAL PRESSURE APPLIED TO CONTROLL BLEEDING?

5 TO 10 MINUTES

HOW SHOULD YOU POSITION A CASUALTY WITH AN OPEN ABDOMINAL WOUND?

ON HIS BACK, WITH HIS KNEES UP TO RELIEVE ABDOMINAL PRESSURE

WHAT ARE THE 8 STEPS IN EVALUATING A CASUALTY?

RESPONSIVENESS, BREATHING, PULSE, BLEEDING, SHOCK, FRACTURES, BURNS, HEAD INJURY

WHAT DO YOU DO WITH EXPOSED ABDOMINAL ORGANS?

WRAP THEM WITH CLEAN DRY MATERIAL, AND PLACE ON TOP OF THE ABDOMINAL

WHEN SHOULD AN AIR TIGHT DRESSING BE APPLIED TO A SUCKING CHEST WOUND?

AS THE CASUALTY BREATHS OUT

WHAT ARE THE TWO MAN CARRY METHODS?

TWO-MAN SUPPORT CARRY, TWO-MAN ARMS CARRY, FOUR HAND SEAT CARRY, TWO HAND SEAT CARRY

WHAT ARE THE ONE MAN CARRING METHODS?

FIREMANS CARRY, ARMYS CARRY, PISTOL BELT DRAG, CRADLE DROP DRAG, NECK DRAG

SHOULD YOU PUT ANY MEDICATION OR CREAM ON A BURN?

NO

NAME THE FOUR TYPES OF BURNS?

LASER, CHEMICAL, THERMAL, ELECTRICAL

WHAT ARE THE THREE CATEGORIES USED IN MEDIAL EVACUATION?

URGENT- WITHIN 2 HRS, PRIORITY- WITHIN 4 HRS, ROUTINE- WITH IN 24 HRS

WHAT ARE THE TWO PRESCIRBED METHODS FOR OPENING AN AIRWAY?

THE JAW THRUST, HEAD TILT- CHIN LIFT

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