Abbreviations for Laboratory Test, Chemistries, and Medical Symbols/Lesson 11

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ABG

arterial blood gas - The doctor ordered an ABG on the cyanotic (blue) patient.

ACP

acute care panel - The doctor ordered an ACP as part of the patient's daily lab work.

BUN

blood urea nitrogen - The BUN level was high on the dialysis patient.

C&S

culture and sensitivity - The doctor ordered a C&S of the patient's green sputum.

CBC

complete blood count - A CBC was ordered for the patient with the flulike symptoms.

chem.

chemistry - The doctor ordered a chem. 24 for the patient's a.m. lab.

CSF

cerebral spinal fluid - The doctor ordered the CSF fluid to be tested for C&S.

CXR

chest X ray - The doctor ordered a CXR for the new orally intubated patient (a breathing tube was inserted through the mouth and into the lower trachea).

DPT

diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus - The school nurse wanted to know if the children had received their DPT vaccinations.

FBS

fasting blood sugar - The doctor ordered an FBS for the new onset diabetic.

HCT

hematocrit - The doctor ordered a blood transfusion because the patient's HCT was low.

Hgb

hemoglobin - The patient's Hgb was normal two hours after the blood transfusion.

lytes

electrolytes - The doctor ordered lytes on the dehydrated patient.

O&P

ova and parasites - The doctor ordered the stool to be tested for O&P x3 (three seperate specimens are to be obtained.

O2

oxygen - The doctor ordered the patient to be placed on a 50% oxygen face mask (the oxygen content is 50%).

RBC

red blood cells - The patient with anemia had a low RBC count.

TB

tuberculosis - The TB patient was placed on respiratory isolation (specially fitted mask and gloves).

UA

urinalysis - The doctor ordered a UA for the patient with dysuria (painful urination).

WBC

white blood cells - The doctor ordered an antibiotic because the WBCs and the bands were elevated.

Ca

calcium - The doctor ordered a Ca supplement because the patient's Ca level was low.

Cl

chloride - The patient's Cl was normal, but the rest of his electrolytes were a little off.

CRE

creatinine - The CRE level was high on the dialysis patient.

Fe

iron - The doctor ordered an Fe supplement for the anemic female patient.

Glu

glucose - The patient's Glu level was considered normal at 110.

K+

potassium - The doctor ordered a K+ supplement because the patient's K+ level was low.

Na

sodium - The patient's Na level was within normal limits (WNL).

NaHCO3

sodium bicarbonate - The patient's NaHCO3 was slightly low, so the doctor ordered an increase in the ventilator rate. (An increase in rate decreases acid-based CO2. The patient was considered slightly acidic.)

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