Test 2

Created by cnemecek 

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24 terms

What kind of tissue composes the intervertebral discs?

Fibrocartilage CT

What is a herniated disc?

Ruptured disc

Which 2 spinal curvatures are obvious at birth?

Thoracic & Sacral Curvatures

What bones are connected by the lambdoid suture?

Occipital bone & Parietal bones

What bones are connected by the squamous suture?

Temporal & Parietal bones

What are the 8 bones of the cranium?

1) Frontal bone
2) Right Parietal Bone
3) Left Parietal bone
4) Right Temporal Bone
5) Left Temporal Bone
6) Occipital Bone
7) Sphenoid Bone
8) Ethmoid Bone

What is the orbit?

eye socket

What bones contribute to the formation of the orbital fossa?

FFOOLSZ
Frontal Bone
Frontal Process of Maxilla
Orbital Plate of Ethmoid Bone
Orbital Plate of the Maxilla
Lacrimal Bone
Sphenoid Bone
Zygomatic Bone

Which type of bone has the least amount of spongy bone relative to its total volume?

Long Bone

What are examples of Long Bones?

-Humerus
-Radius
-Ulna
-Metacarpals
-Phalanges
-Femur
-Tibia
-Fibula
-Metatarsals

What are examples of short bones?

-Carpals
-Tarsals
-Patella
-Calcaneus

Examples of Flat Bones:

-skull
-sternum
-ribs
-scapular
-clavicle

Examples of irregular bones:

-vertebra
-ilium
-ischium
pubis

What are the protective functions of the skin?

-insulates & cushions underlying tissues
- desiccation (prevents H2O loss)
- protects from UV radiation
- regulates heat loss
- protects body from damage (mechanical, thermal & bacterial invasion)

4 Basic types of tissues:

1) Epithelial
2) Connective
3) Muscle
4) Neural

Exocrine gland

secretes onto the body surface or into a passageway connected to the exterior
-produce exocrine secretions (perspiration on skin, tears in eyes, milk in mammary glands)

Types of Exocrine Glands:

1) Merocrine Secretion
2) Apocrine Secretion
3) Holocrine Secretion

Merocrine Secretion

released from vesicles via exocytosis
Most common
Ex: mucin=mucous, sweat

Apocrine Secretion

involves loss of cytoplasm + secretory product

Holocrine Secretion

the entire cell becomes packed with secretory products & then bursts, killing the cell

Characteristics of Epithelial Tissues:

cells are tightly joined
avascular
bound surface rests on basement membrane

Functions of Epithelial Tissues:

protection
secretion
absorption
excretion
transport
filtration
chemoreception forming linings & coverings

Characteristics of connective Tissue:

manufacture & store substances
highly vascular (except cartilage which is avascular)
not found on free surfaces
often named based on fibers produced & concentration of fibers

What are the fibers in CT?

Collagen
Elastic
Reticular

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