Poli Sci 4.1- 1125

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Chapter 7: Constitutions & Constitutional Regimes Democracies & Nondemocracies

Democracy

is governance by leaders whose authority is based on a limited mandate from a universal electorate that selects among genuine alternatives and has some rights to political participation and opposition.

Direct Democracy or Participatory Democracy

is government of and by the people-there is active, direct participation by all citizens in the authoritative allocation of values.

Representative Democracy

is a system in which the citizens elect people to represent them in the political process and to allocate values on their behalf for society.

Electoral Democracy

is a political system in which virtually all citizens periodically vote in order to select political leaders from among alternative contenders.

limited mandate

means that the electorate grants the authority to govern for only a short, fixed period of time, and then the electorate has the opportunity to select representatives again.

Liberal Democracy

is when citizens enjoy not only Electoral Democracy but also substantial political rights and civil liberties regarding participation, personal freedoms, and opposition.

criteria for a Democracy

1. legitimate elections
2. genuine choice to elect leaders
3. limited mandate
4. majority government
5.equal rights
6.rule of law
7. fundamental freedoms
8.economic empowerment
9.representative government

Dictatorships

the absence of a Limited Mandate

Authoritarian Regimes

1. the absence of a Limited Mandate
2. the political rights and freedoms of citizens are severely limited

Totalitarian Regimes

the allocation of values and its control penetrate into almost every aspect of its people's lives.

Illiberal Democracy

is an electoral democracy but its citizens' political rights and civil liberties are significantly limited.

Constitutions

the body of fundamental laws, rules, and practices that defines the basic structure of government, allocates power among political institutions, and regulates the relationship between citizens and the state.

Constitutional regimes

operate in terms of the rule of law and ensures effective restraints on the power holders.

Written Constitutions

are incorporated in a document or set of documents
-examples are Canada

Unwritten Constitutions

are embedded in statutes, precedents, conventions, and political practices
-examples are UK, Israel, New Zealand

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.

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