BCP 140 Q&A

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106 terms · study questions for final exam

which is a type of anemia in which a problem in genetics in the structure of hemoglobin causes abnormally shaped RBC?

sickle cell anemia

sickle cells belong to which RBC morphology category?

poikilocytosis

what's the process that occurs in red marrow of long or flat bones by which all blood cells are formed?

hematopoiesis

what is that most common leukocyte, comprising 40-60% of the leukocytes in the blood?

neutrophils

which cells are active in the blood clotting process?

thrombocytes

microorganisms, like bacteria, viruses, protozoa, fungi, or yeast that invide the body are known as what?

pathogens

which is a very large cell whose cytoplasm breaks away at the edges to form individual thrombocytes?

megakaryocyte

what's the name of the condition in which the number of erythrocytes in the blood is decreased?

anemia

what is the name of the medical procedure that involves the separation of plasma from the blood cells in whole blood?

plasmapheresis

what is the type of drug given to suppress the immune response and decrease inflammation?

corticosteriod drug

lymphadenopathy can occur where?

neck, axillae, groin

what is the name of the fluid portion of the blood?

plasma

what is not a leukocyte?

erythrocyte

a deficiency in the number of thrombocytes due to exposure of the bone marrow to radiation, chemicals or drugs is called what?

thrombocytopenia

what is the medical word hemolysis associated with?

transfusion reaction

blood that is collected, filtered, and returned to the patient during surgery is known as what kind of blood?

autologus

what contains hemoglobin that transports oxygen to the cells?

erythrocyte

what does the combining form erythr/o mean?

red

a pathogen is an organism that causes what?

disease

a malignant tumor originating in a lymph node is known as what?

lymphoma

how can you obtain a sample of blood from a patient?

venipuncture and phlebotomy

what does hem/o and hemat/o mean?

blood

what does leuk/o mean?

white

myel/o doesn't mean what?

muscle

what does coagul/o mean?

clotting

what does phag/o mean?

eating; swallowing

what does the suffix -rrhage mean?

excessive flow or discharge

what does the suffix -emia mean?

condition of the blood; substance in the blood

what does -poikil/o mean?

irregular

what word parts do you need to build a medical word meaning excessive flow or discharge of blood?

-rrhage, hemo/o

a person can live without a spleen?

true

the mediastinum is located between the lungs?

true

the upper jugular group of lymph nodes are located in the groin?

false

the diaphragm is a wall of muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities?

true

what manufactures most blood cells?

bone marrow

the spleen is composed of this material that also surrounds veins and arteries?

lymph tissue

what is the name of the malignant disease of the bone marrow in which excessive WBC are produced?

leukemia

mediastinum codes are identified by which factor?

surgical approach

the type of lymphadenectomy is the removal of lymph nodes, glands, and surrounding tissues?

radical

the lymph nodes excision category codes are based on which two things?

method and location

how many categories are located in the mediastinum subsection?

4

what is another name for a diaphragmatic hernia?

esophageal hiatal hernia

which bone marrow is taken from a close relative?

allogenic

what bone marrow is collected from the patient and later transplanted or reinfused back into the patient from who it came?

autogenic

what wrod describes a lymphadenectomy in which only the lymph nodes are removed?

limited

what does -penia mean?

deficiency

what word parts do you need to build a medical word that means one who specializes in blood and the study of it?

ist, -hemat/o, log/o

If fluoroscopic guidance is used during the insertion of a pacemaker, it is bundled with the primary procedure and cannot be reported separately.

False

the epicardial approach involves accessing a vein and inserting a needle with a wire into the vein.

False

when coding a change of battery in a pacemaker, both the removal and the reimplantation are coded.

True

to crrrectly report coronary bypass grafts, you must know the anatomical site in which the vessel being grafted came from.

false

PTCA is an acronym for Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty

True

what kind of cardology is entering the body to make a correction or for examination?

Invasive

Supervision and Interpretation codes for angiography are located where in the CPT manual?

Radiology Section

what is an example of a noninvasive cardiology procedure/service is?

cardiovascular stress test

which vessel is involved in the major division of the cardiovascular subsection?

coronary or noncoronary

what is the name of the procedure in which fluid is withdrawn from the space around the heart through a needle and a catheter is left in to allow for continued drainage?

pericardiocentesis

what is the name of the device that can be inserted into the body to electrically shock the heart into regular rhythm?

cardioverter-defibrillator

pacemaker insertion codes are divided based on the surgical what?

approach

what is the name of the electrodes that are placed into the atrium and/or ventricle of the heart when a pacemaker is inserted?

leads

what are the names of the three sections of the CPT manual that you use to code many cardiovascular services?

surgery, radiology, medicine

what type of cardiology is a diagnostic specialty that uses radioactive elements to aid in the diagnosis of cardiology conditions?

nuclear

within the cardiovascular system, what is compared to the branches of a tree?

vascular families

the number of postoperative days usually assigned for the global period following implantation of a pacemaker?

90 days

what is another name of undissolved matter that is present in blood and is transported by the blood?

embolus

what is not considered to be bundled in with a vascular injection?

contrast media

holter monitor and an electrocardiogram are similar because:

leads are attached to the patient

if catheterization is performed on the coronary arteries, in which section would the codes be found?

medicine

what is the name of the valve located between the right atrium and right ventricle?

tricuspid valve

which surgical procedure is done to provide the myocardium with a new source of blood supply when a coronary artery is occluded?

coronary artery bypass graft

in the pathway of the flow of blood through the heart, oxygenated blood returns from the lungs and enters the what?

left atrium

when a coronary artery is partially blocked with atherosclerosis and there is myocardial ischemia, this will cause what?

chest pain

the cardiovascular system consists of the heart and what?

blood vessels

the mitral valve is located between what?

left atrium and the ventricle

what is the name of the largest artery in the body?

aorta

what layer of the heart is known as the muscular layer?

myocardium

what type of blood vessel carries blood back to the heart?

vein

what is a neurotransmitter for the sympathetic division of the nervous system that increases the heart rate to prepare the body for the "fight or flight" response?

epinephrine

any disease condition of the heart muscle that includes heart enlargement and heart failure is called what?

cardiomyopathy

what does MI stand for?

myocardial infarction

the smallest vessel in the body is known as what?

capillary

what is it called when a period of unresponsiveness during a normal heartbeat?

the refractory period

what word means located within the ventricle?

intraventricular

what is cardiomyopathy?

disease of the heart muscle

the femoral artery brings oxygenated blood to the what?

leg

what is the name of the procedure to remove plaque from an occluded carotid artery?

endarterectomy

inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart is known as what?

pericarditis

what artery brings oxygenated blood to the brain, head, and face?

carotid

which artery doesn't carry oxygenated blood to some part of the arm?

peroneal

the abdominal aorta divides inferiorly into the two what?

iliac arteries

cardiomegaly is the medical word for what?

heart enlargement

using sound waves to create an image of the heart is known as what?

echocardiography

ven/o means the same as what?

phleb/o

scler/o means what?

hard

what does "cabbage" mean?

coronary artery bypass graft

what does isch/o mean?

keep back; block

the two major veins of the body are the superior and inferior what?

venae cavae

the codes in the eye and ocular adnexa subsection are bilateral codes?

false

cataract and lens replacement uses how many different approaches?

3

the light sensitive cells in the retina that only respond to color are the rods?

false

aqueous humor is a clear, watery fluid produced by the caruncle of the eye?

false

the clear, gel-like substance that fills the posterior cavity of the eye is called aqueous humor.

false

the anterior and posterior chambers are filled with vitrous humor?

false

what does lacrim/o mean?

tears

what is the orbit of the eye?

bony socket in the skull

what is the name of the condition which causes pronounced outward bulging of the anterior surface of the eye?

exophthalmos

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