Muhammad visits heaven from Ka'aba
Woken by Gabriel
Meets Jesus and Abraham
Goes to Jerusalem
the flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in 622 which marked the beginning of the Muslim era
Black center piece/House of worship
Once pure white stone in temple originally built by angels for God
Washed away by sands of time
Found again by Abraham -- makes temple to atone for what he did to Hagar
Shahada -- Faith
Salat -- Prayer
Zakat -- Alms
Hajj -- Pilgrimage to Mecca
Sawn -- Fasting
"People of the book"
Jews, Christians, Muslims.
All use a version of the holy book, Koran, Gospel, Torah, containing words of God
All have judgement day
All believe the other has gotten something wrong
Rightly Guided Caliphs
Successors after Muhammad
Closest to Muhammad
Used Koran/Muhammad's actions as guides
Term meaning living together/coexistance that reflects the fact that Muslim, Christinan, and Jewish communities lived together in Islamic Spain.
Abd Al Rahman
only survivor of the abbasid raid, he crossed the arabian peninsula into spain and was accpeted into Cordoba as unquestioned leader. He is leader of the islamic empire of spain
The effort by Christian leaders to drive the Muslims out of Spain, lasting from the 1100s until 1492.
Battle of Tours
The 732 battle that halted the advance of Muslim armies into Europe at a point in northern France
Muslims didn't really care
Reacted to Umayyads rule with life of poverty -> following religious path
Like Buddhist monks
Became active missionaries
City in western Arabia; birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad, and ritual center of the Islamic religion.
City in western Arabia to which the Prophet Muhammad and his followers emigrated in 622 to escape persecution in Mecca.
Responsibility to support the less fortunate
Giving what you can to help others