The holy book.
Contains words of Muhammad (Messages from Allah/God)
Written by followers
Muhammad visits heaven from Ka'aba
Woken by Gabriel
Meets Jesus and Abraham
Goes to Jerusalem
the flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in 622 which marked the beginning of the Muslim era
Muhammad's wife; a wealthy widow who ran a prosperous caravan business
One of first converts
Muhammad's companion to Medina
Black center piece/House of worship
Once pure white stone in temple originally built by angels for God
Washed away by sands of time
Found again by Abraham -- makes temple to atone for what he did to Hagar
Place of worship
Call to Prayer
Language of Islam
Language Koran is written in
a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
Shahada -- Faith
Salat -- Prayer
Zakat -- Alms
Hajj -- Pilgrimage to Mecca
Sawn -- Fasting
Required tolerance of people of the book
Makes religion part of daily life
"People of the book"
Jews, Christians, Muslims.
All use a version of the holy book, Koran, Gospel, Torah, containing words of God
All have judgement day
All believe the other has gotten something wrong
Rightly Guided Caliphs
Successors after Muhammad
Closest to Muhammad
Used Koran/Muhammad's actions as guides
Term meaning living together/coexistance that reflects the fact that Muslim, Christinan, and Jewish communities lived together in Islamic Spain.
Rebel Group after Umayyads
Dynasty after RG Caliphs
'Followers of Muhammads Example"
Did not OUTWARDLY resis Umayyads
Made alternate caliph system
Thought relative of M must rule
"Party of Ali"
Abd Al Rahman
only survivor of the abbasid raid, he crossed the arabian peninsula into spain and was accpeted into Cordoba as unquestioned leader. He is leader of the islamic empire of spain
City in spain
The effort by Christian leaders to drive the Muslims out of Spain, lasting from the 1100s until 1492.
columbus arrives in the americas/ Reconquista of Spain
Battle of Tours
The 732 battle that halted the advance of Muslim armies into Europe at a point in northern France
Muslims didn't really care
Reacted to Umayyads rule with life of poverty -> following religious path
Like Buddhist monks
Became active missionaries
City in western Arabia; birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad, and ritual center of the Islamic religion.
City in western Arabia to which the Prophet Muhammad and his followers emigrated in 622 to escape persecution in Mecca.
Call to Prayer
5x a day
Testimony of Faith
'No god but Allah and Muhammad his prophet'
Responsibility to support the less fortunate
Giving what you can to help others
Pilgrimage to Mecca
Raises social status
God more powerful thus more important than wordily desires