Manifest Destiny - History

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Zebulon Pike

explored the southwest and discovered Pike's Peak

John Jacob Astor

established a fur trading settlement in Oregon at Fort Astoria and became one of the wealthiest men in America

Stephen Austin

brought the first 300 families from America to settle in Texas around the Brazos River

Santa Anna

commander of the Mexican Army during the Texas War for Independence and the Mexican War/ he was also president and dictator of Mexico

Jim Bowie

famous American hero and frontiersman known for inventing the Bowie Knife/ most famous knife fighter in American History/ killed at the Alamo

Davy Crockett

famous American scout and frontiersman known for his coonskin cap/ leader of Tennessee Volunteers/ killed at The Alamo

Sam Houston

first president of the Republic of Texas/ one of the first Senators from the state of Texas/military commander of the Texas during the Texas War for Independence/ one of the most colorful men in U.S. History

Zachary Taylor

called "Old Rough and Ready" by his troops during the Mexican War/ never lost a battle and was beloved by his troops/ later became president of the U.S.

Stephen Kearney

captured Santa Fe, New Mexico during the Mexican War/ he also put down a rebellion at San Diego/ famous American commander

John C. Freemont

captured San Francisco during the Mexican War/ established the Bear Flag Republic/ one of the first Senators of the state of California

Winfield Scott

called "Old Fuss and Feathers" by his troops during the Mexican War/ captured Mexico City to end the Mexican War

John Sutter

gold was found on his land in California which led to the Gold Rush of 1849

Narcissa and Marcus Whitman

first missionaries to travel west to Oregon/ were massacred by the Native Americans there

Henry Clay

Whig candidate who ran against James Knox Polk in the Election of 1844/ ran for president four times and never was elected/ called the "Great Compromiser"

Election of 1844

James Knox Polk from Tennessee was elected president/ first dark horse candidate who is unknown and runs for political

Five Goals of James Knox Polk as President

1. get California 2. get Oregon 3. get Texas 4. lower tariffs 5. smash the National Bank/ accomplished all his goals in one term/ known as the hardest working president

Manifest Destiny

God-given right for the U.S. to stretch from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean

Lone Star Republic

what Texas was called when it was a country from m 1836-1845

Two Rivers Involved in the Mexican War

The Nueces and The Rio Grande

Battle of San Jacinto

only 18 minutes/ Santa Anna was captured/ Texans won under the command of Sam Houston/ was the last battle of the Texas War for Independence

"54 40 or fight!"

War Hawks in Congress slogan when the boundary of Oregon with Great Britain was being decided

What two countries jointly occupied the Oregon Territory?

United States and Great Britain

The Alamo

182 Texans held off 4,000 Mexicans for 12 days/ Texans refused to surrender and everyone was killed including Davy Crockett and Jim Bowie/ fight to death for freedom and against Santa Anna's oppression and the Mexican government/ Santa Anna burned all the bodies/ few women and children survived/ one of the most famous battles in American history

The Oregon Trail

2,000 miles and took about 6 months/ most people traveled by foot the whole way/ the dangers were disease, bad weather, and equipment breaking down

Bear Flag Republic

California was called this when it was a country for a short period of time

Guadalupe-Hidalgo Treaty

ended the Mexican War/two provisions: 1. U.S. paid $15 million for the Mexican Cession 2. U.S. boundary was the Rio Grande River

Major Battles of the Mexican War

Monterey, Buena Vista, Vera Cruz, Mexico City

Commanders of the Mexican War

Winfield Scott, Zachary Taylor, John C. Freemont

Results of the Mexican War

1. What about the slavery issue in the New Lands? 2. Gave Americans war experience for the upcoming Civil War 3. U.S. got huge amount of land

Forty-Niners

the people who went west to California looking for gold in 1849

Put the Following Events in Order: Oregon Country Added to the U.S., Gadsden Purchase, Louisiana Purchase, Texas Becomes a State, 13 Colonies, Mexican Cession Added to the U.S.

1. 13 Colonies 2. Louisiana Purchase 3. Oregon Country Added to the U.S. 4. Texas Becomes a State 5. Mexican Cession Added to the U.S. 6. Gadsden Purchase

Gadsden Purchase

The last territory added to complete the Manifest Destiny/ brought from Mexico for $10 million/ used as a railroad route

Comstock Lode

The largest silver vein ever found in the U.S./ produced $400 million worth silver

Goliad

The incident where Santa Anna massacred 300 Texans during the Texas War for Independence/ "Remember the Goliad" became a battle cry for the Texans

Mexican Cession

Was a huge amount of land (including present day New Mexico, Arizona, and Nevada) which the U.S. bought for $15 million from the Mexicans after the Mexican War

Gold Rush

Period in American History when many people went to search for their fortune in out west/ began in 1849/ helped settle the west

Levi Strauss

invented the blue jeans and made a fortune

From what years was Texas a state?

1836-1849

James Marshall

found gold on John Sutter's property/ this began the Gold Rush

Why wasn't Texas admitted as a state?

this would upset the balance in the Senate between the slave states and free states

Donner Party

a group of settlers heading west who got caught in the mountains during the winter/ to stay alive they resorted to cannibalism

Date Texas Became a State

December 29, 1849

Mexican War Dates

May 1847 - February 1848; only lasted nine months

Battle of Mexico City

Winfield Scott marched 300 miles from Vera Cruz to Mexico City/ there he waged a three-week siege/ Winfield Scott defeated Sana Anna's army/ this ended the Mexican War

The Mountain Men - Jim Beckwourth, Jedediah Smith, Jim Bridger

Mountain men were frontiersmen living in the wilderness/ they explored mountains, valleys, and trails of the west/ usually trappers

Jim Beckwourth

African-American who explored Wyoming's Green River

Jeediah Smith

found the South Pass which was the main route to Oregon

Jim Bridger

famous guide for people heading west

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