english vocab unit 5 with syn, ant, pos, pronunciation-----read description

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the syllable with the most emphasis will be capitalized ONLY in the definitions NOT in the syn/ant the words with one syllable (filch, flout, scourge) have the emphasis on the entire word because there is only one syllable to emphasize.

AMnesty

(n) a general pardon for an offense against a government
in general, any act of forgiveness or absolution

auTONomy

(n) self-government, political control

autonomy

syn: home rule

autonomy

ant: dependence, subjection, colonial status

axioMATic

(adj) self-evident, expressing a universally accepted principle or rule

axiomatic

syn: taken for granted

axiomatic

ant: questionable, dubious, controversial

BLAZon

(v) to adorn or embellish
to display conspicuously
to publish or proclaim widely

blazon

syn: broadcast, trumpet

blazon

ant: hide, conceal, cover up, bury

CAVeat

(n) a warning or caution to prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior

caveat

syn: admonition, word to the wise

EQUitable

(adj) fair, just, embodying principles of justice

equitable

syn: right, reasonable, evenhanded

equitable

ant: unjust, unfair, one-sided, disproportionate

EXtricate

(v) to free from entanglements or difficulties
to remove with effort

extricate

syn: disentangle, extract, disengage

extricate

ant: enmesh, entangle, involve

FILCH

(v) to steal, especially in a sneaky way and in petty amounts

filch

syn: pilfer, purloin, swipe

FLOUT

(v) to mock, treat with contempt

flout

syn: scoff at, sneer at, snicker at, scorn

flout

ant: obey, honor, revere, uphold

FRACtious

(adj) tending to be troublesome
unruly, quarrelsome, contrary
unpredictable

fractious

syn: refractory, recalcitrant, peevish

fractious

ant: docile, tractable, cooperative

PREcept

(n) a rule of conduct or action

precept

syn: principle, maxim

SALutary

(adj) beneficial, helpful
healthful, wholesome

salutary

syn: salubrious, curative

salutary

ant: detrimental, deleterious, pernicious

SCAthing

(adj) bitterly severe, withering
causing great harm

scathing

syn: searing, harsh, ferocious, savage

scathing

ant: bland, mild

SCOURGE

(v) to whip, punish severely
(n) a cause of affliction or suffering
a source of severe punishment or criticism

scourge

syn: (v) flog, beat
(n) bane, plague, pestilence

scourge

ant: (n) godsend, boon, blessing

sePULchral

(adj) funereal, typical of the tomb
extremely gloomy or dismal

sepulchral

syn: doleful, lugubrious, mortuary

sopoRIFic

(adj) tending to cause sleep, relating to sleepiness or lethargy
(n) something that induces sleep

soporific

syn: (n) narcotic, anesthetic

soporific

ant: (adj) stimulating
(n) stimulant, stimulus

STRAITlaced

(adj) extremely strict in regard to moral standards and conduct
prudish, puritanical

straitlaced

syn: highly conventional, overly strict, stuffy

straitlaced

ant: lax, loose, indulgent, permissive, dissolute

TRANsient

(adj) lasting only a short time, fleeting
(n) one who stays only a short time

transient

syn: (adj) impermanent, ephemeral, evanescent

transient

ant: (adj) permanent, imperishable, immortal

unWIELdy

(adj) not easily carried, handled, or managed because of size or complexity

unwieldy

syn: cumbersome, bulky, clumsy, impractical

unwieldy

ant: manageable, easy to handle

VAPid

(adj) dull, uninteresting, tiresome
lacking in sharpness, flavor, liveliness, or force

vapid

syn: insipid, lifeless, colorless

vapid

ant: zesty, spicy, savory, colorful, lively

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