Was a Danish nobleman who was well known throughout his lifetime as an astronomer and alchemist.
This man was many things such as a mathematician, natural philosopher, theologian, etc. He has been considered the most influential scientist who ever lived.
Pronounced himself as Protestant. He was a French philosopher and writer who was best known for his seminal work the "Historical and Critical Dictionary", published in 1695.
Did all research, but no clue, i appologize.
Catherine the Great
Was the longest-ruling female leader in Russia, reigning from (1762-1796). Her rule revitalized Russia.
Law of inertia
This law states that objects at rest should remain that way and objects in motion should continue in a straight line, unless acted on by a net external force.
Any view appealing to reason, as a source of knowledge or justification.
German philosopher from Kaliningrad of Russia who lectured and wrote on philosophy and anthropology at the end of the 18th Century Enlightment
Kind of reasoning that evaluates propostitions that are abstractions of observations.
Very educated astronomer and scientist, but excluded from English Royal Society. She wrote several books contrasting her knowledge with knowledge of other scientists.
(1473-1543) questioned Aristotle's theory and Nicolaus believed that the stars ,planet, and earth revolved around the sun.
Pope Urban VIII
against the teachings of Galileo, rejected them and brought him into Rome to recant his work
International Scientific Community
scientists in Europe who would meet to discuss and share developments
(1713-1784)sent out to teach people how to think critically and objectively rejected careers on church and law
helped exchange observations on literature, and philosophy
law of planetary motion
Kepler belived plantes mved around the sun. Also the closer they were to the sun the planets would move fast or the father they were the slower they moved. Last the time it took a planet to make a full orbit that is how far it was from the sun.
used by Brahe and Galileo and applied it to inductive reasoning
- not believing have doubt . people believe in long accepted ideas
group of men who though they were bringing light of knowledge to the people
The Social Contract
written by Jean-Jacques Rousseau which he believe the best way to run a community and face social problems
inventor of physics. one of the people who helped with the scientific method
Used Brahe's data to prove that the earth moved in an elliptical, not circular, orbit; Wrote 3 laws of planetary motion based on relationships and accurately predicted movements of planets in a sun-centered universe.
English philosopher who developed scientific method; believed that instead of relying on the ideas of ancient authorites, scientists should use inductive reasoning to learn about nature.
(1689-1755) French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers.
Jean Jacques Rousseau
French philosopher and writer born in Switzerland; believed that the natural goodness of man was warped by society; ideas influenced the French Revolution.
Ruler of the Habsburgs that controlled the Catholic Church closely, granted religious toleration and civic rights to Protestants and Jews, and abolished serfdom.
Teaching of Rene Descartes that the separation of mind and matter allowed something to be investigated independently by reason.
A series of steps followed to solve problems, including collecting data, formulating a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, and stating conclusions.
Edict of Tolerance
Issued in 1782 by Joseph II, it repealed anti-Jewish legislation in the Holy Roman Empire and was supposed to make the Jewish nation useful and serviceable to the State.
Group that believed in natural economic laws that governed society such as land is the source of wealth, supported supply and demand.
Reasoning in which a conclusion is reached by stating a general principle and then applying that principle to a specific case.
Change in which people approached reading; books were more easily accessible, and more and more people began to read.Until this point, reading was a social activity in which the father of a household would sit and read to his family, and there would be much discussion of the reading. People reading to themselves began to formulate many of their own opinions and world views.