Chapter 18 Vocab-major endocrine glands

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adreanal cortex

outer section of each adrenal gland; secretes cortisol, aldosterone, and sex horomones

adreneal medulla

inner section of each adrenal gland; secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine

ovaries

located in the lower abdomen of a female; responsible for egg production and estrogen and progesterone secretion

pancreas

located behind the stomach. Islet (alpha and beta) cells secrete hormones from this. It is also contains cells that are exocrine in function. They secrete enzymes, via a duct into the small intestine to aid digestion

pituitary gland, hypophysis

located at the base of the brain in the sella turcica

testes

two glands enclosed in the scrotal sac of a male; responsible for sperm production and testosterone secretion

thyroid gland

located in the neck on either side of the trachea; secretes tbhyroxine

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