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The shoulder girdle is composed of:
A. Scapula, Humerus
B. Clavicle, Humerus
C. Scapula, Clavicle
D. Clavicle, Acromin Process

C. Clavicle, Humerus

The arm consist of:
A. Radius
B. Humerus
C. Ulna
D. Radius, Ulna

B. Humerus

This is an S-shaped bone situated at the root of the neck.

Clavicle

This bone has no medullary cavity and its formed from pimitive connective tissue:
A. Clavicle
B. Humerus
C. Scapula
D. Pectoralis

B. Humerus

This is a paired, modified, cutaneous, sweat gland:
A. Mammary Glands
B. Sebascious Glands
C. Mamillary Body
D. Testicles

A. Mammary Glands

A fluid that is poor in nutrients but rich in protiens and antibodies for the infants body:
A. Milk
B. Plasma
C. Colostrum

C. Colostrum

The brachium is composed of what bone:
A. Humerus
B. Ulna
C. Radius
D. Radius, Ulna

A. Humerus

Which hormone causes milk release:
A. Oxytoxin
B. Prolactin
C. Estrogen
D. Progesterone

A. Oxytoxin

Which hormone stimulates milk production:
A. Oxytoxin
B. Prolactin
C. Estrogen
D. Progesterone

B. Prolactin

Which hormone induces the development of the Alveoli:
A. Oxytoxin
B. Prolactin
C. Estrogen
D. Progesterone

C. Estrogen

The function of what _____ is to return fluid and protein from interstitial fluid back to the blood:
A. Colostrum
B. Lymph
C. Metastases

B. Lymph

The presence of secretions from the nipple in a non lactating state is called:
A. Galactorrhea
B. Lactorrhea
C. Puss

A. Galactorrhea

The largest and longest bone of the upper extremity is the:

Humerus

The primary function of the _______ is to provide nourishment and protection from disease for the neonate.

Mammary Gland

The ___ has three ossification centers.

Clavicle

The _____has 7 ossification centers.

Scapula

This projection contains smooth muscle fibers, the contraction of which produces its errection, it contains abudant tactile sense organs is the:

nipple

Lessions of the upper portion of the Brachial Plexus is called:
A. Erb-Duchenne Palsy
B. Cerebral Palsy
C. Klumpke's Palsy

A. Erb-Duchenne Palsy

This condition is marked by the motor loss of the arm and pronation of the forearm:
A. Erb-Duchenne Palsy
B. Cerebral Palsy
C. Klumpke's Palsy

C. Klumpke's Palsy

The nerve branch that innervates the serratus anterior muscle is called ____.

Long Thoracic

NerveThe nerves and vessels which are found in the axilla are closely grouped together and enclosed in a layer of fascia called the ____.

Axillary sheath

Name the 3 bones that mak up the apex of the axilla:

clavicle
scapula
1st rib

What will bind to the ACH receptor site but is not able to produce an action potential down the tranverse tubules:
A. Mysathenia Gravis
B. Nicotine
C. Snake Venom
D. Botulism

C. Snake Venom

Carries out its effect at the parasynaptic portion of the neuromuscular junction:
A. Mysathenia Gravis
B. Nicotine
C. Snake Venom
D. Botulism

D. Botulism

Blood doping would have more of an effect on these type of muscle fibers:
A. Type I
B. Type II

A. Type I

Contains less mitochondria:
A. Type I
B. Type II

B. Type II

Fractures of this bone may damage the axillary nerve:
A. Scapula
B. Clavicle
C. Humerus

C. Humerus

The secertory cells that produce milk line the walls of what specific part of the mammary glands:

Aveloi

Term used to indicate the condition when an agonist and atagonist contract at the same time:

Co Reflex Phenomenon

Muscle fibers not found within the muscle spindle are called:

Extrafusal fibers

A legitimate use of this ergogenic method is to treat individuals with certian types of anemia:

Blood Doping

Which one of the following provides a non-contractile framework to allow the contractions of the muscle to be transmitted to the bone?
A. Myofibrils
B. Muslce Spindle
C. Connective Tissue

C. Connective Tissue

Which one of the following statemnets best describe Hyperplasia of a muscle?
A. an increase in the size of the muscle fibers
B. A decrease in the size of muscle fibbers
C. A decrease in the number of muscle fibers
D. An infrease in the number of muscles fibers

D. An increase in the number of muscles fibers

Which one of the following substance is first utilized by the muscle fiber to produce ATP via anaerobic pathway?
A. Glycogen
B. Creatine Phosphate
C. Fatty Acids
D. Tropomyosins

B. Creatine Phosphate

Which one of the following would help muscle fibers utilize fatty acids more efficiently?
A. Eating a high amount of red meat
B. Drinking several cups of coffee
C. Infusing red blood cells into your body
D. Eating complex carbohydrates

B. Drinking several cups of coffee

Use of anabolic steriods may cause all of the following problems expect:
A. Adverse effects of the cardiovascular system
B. Alteration in a a muscle fiber's ability to use calcium
C. Risk of injury to muscles and their tendons.
D. Premature short stature in children using drugs

B. Alteration in a a muscle fiber's ability to use calcium

Anatomically the arm is defined as the area between the:
A. shoulder joint and the wrist joint
B. shoulder joint and elbow joint
C. elbow joint and the wrist joint

B. shoulder joint and elbow joint

Veiwing the x-ray of a 6 yr old male, you notice that the clavicle are bilateraly missing. This child was born with a condition known as:
A. Sprengle's Deformity
B. Os Claviculae
C. Cleidocranial Dysostosis

C. Cleidocranial Dysostosis

When the clavicular portion of the pectoralis major muscle contracts it moves the:
A. Scapula posteior
B. Scapula anterior
C. Humerus posterior
D. Humerus anterior

B. Scapula anterior

A. Ulnar Nerve
B. Median
C. Medial Pectoral
D. Thoracodorsal
C. Medial Brachial Cutaneous

D. Thoracodorsal

This can mimic the effects of ACH but has much more prolonged effect:
A. Mysathenia Gravis
B. Nicotine
C. Snake Venom
D. Botulism

B. Nicotine

Carries out its effect at the presynaptic portion of the neuromuscular junction:
A. Mysathenia Gravis
B. Nicotine
C. Snake Venom
D. Botulism

D. Botulism

A muscle spindle contains muscle fibers which are called:

Intrafusal Fibers

The nipple of a mammary gland has an opening which leads directly into the:

papillae

An ergogenic method discussed in class which would increase the secretion of growth hormone:

Anabolic Steriods

Term used to designate the normal condition when a muscle contracts, its antagonists automatically release:

Reciprocal Innervation

Which anabolic steriod water or oil based have more side effects but cleared from the system withing 3 to 4 weeks?

Water based, which is taken in pill form

Name the most common neuromuscular junction disorder thats had muscle weakness which tends to fluctuate with exercise and gets better with rest?

Myasthenia Gravis

What is defined as the load neccessary to rupture a given material when pulled in the direction of the length?

Tensile strength

IWhat helps carry out the action under certian circumstances or when extra force is needed?

Synergist, assists the prime mover in performing action

Muscle remains in shortened state for a prolonged period of time, it will develop a persistent and sometimes permanent shortening?

Contracture

Hereditary condition in which ossification is defective and is bilateral?

Cleidocranial Dysostosis

Te areola contains numerous ___ ____ which enlarge during pregnancy and secrete an oil sunstance that provides a protective lubricant for the areola and nipple during lactation?

Sebaceous gland

What renders the nipple sensitive to mechanical stimulation?

Tactile sense organs

The contraction of which produce erection of the nipple?

Smooth muscle fibers

Retracted nipple:

Inverted nipple

Enlargement of the breast in males?

Gynecomastia

Term used to describe an increase in the size of muscle due to an increased in the size of each individual muscle fibers?

Hypertrophy

Term used to indicate the increase in the size of muscle due to an actual increase in the number of fibers?

Hyperplasia

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