Music that is independent of words, drama, visual images, or any kind of representational aspects.
the second statement of the main theme in the fugue
two movements are similar to one another
an elaborate song for solo voice
a composed song in which the text, melody, and accompaniment, are interrelated to create a unified effect.
the absence of a key
an art form that uses dance and music, along with costumes and scenery, to tell a story and display emotions through expressive gestures and movement
Style in art and architecture developed in Europe from about 1550 to 1700, emphasizing dramatic, curving forms, elaborate ornamentation, and overall balance of disparate parts. Associated with Catholicism.
a bass line that provided an underlying structure for the harmonies and was usually played by the cello, or bassoon, or double bass and keyboard.
a quiet song intended to lull a child to sleep
a musical form consisting of two units (A and B) constructed to balance and complement each other
Ensemble music for up to about ten players, with one player to a part.
In contemporary pieces, meter that changes from measure to measure.
the art of creating dances
use of tones not in the key on which a composition is based.
Deriving from the orderly qualities of ancient Greek and Roman culture; implies formality, objectivity, simplicity, and restraint
"with the wood"; use the stick rather than the hair of the bow
a musical form involving the simultaneous sound of two or more melodies
In a fugue, a melodic idea that accompanies the subject fairly constantly.
repetition of motives, themes, or sections to unify a musical piece
da capo aria
a terenary or A-B-A form that brings back the first section with embellishments improvised by the solist.
2nd main section in a sonata form
the first words of a medieval Latin hymn describing the Last Judgment (literally 'day of wrath')
a sustained bass note that provides a rudimentary harmonic foundation
German term for the Lied through composed form, where there are no sectional repetitions. the form is used to set poems that convey a particular story or poetic progression and musical coherence is achieved by motivic reiteration
a brief section of a literary or dramatic work that forms part of a connected series