Rape committed by someone known to the victim.
Rape distinguished by physical violence and cruelty to the victim.
childhood sexual abuse
Inappropriate sexual behavior with a child instigated by a perpetrator for purposes of the perpetrator's sexual pleasure or for economic gain through child prostitution or pornography.
Verbal coercion and deception to pressure a date into having sex.
family systems theory
The consideration of the structure, cohesion, adaptability, and communication patterns of families.
Rape by a number of perpetrators against the same victim.
Behaviors used to gain the trust of children or family members before sexual abuse begins. The purpose is to persuade the victim to comply with the abuse.
Rape in which the victim and perpetrator are in an intimate relationship.
Rape in which the intent of the rapist is to command and master the victim sexually.
Any forced sexual activity, the key factor being the absence of consent.
Symptoms of, or specific responses to, the experience of being raped; also, a nursing diagnosis.
Forced sexual activity in which brutality is used for sexual excitement for the perpetrator.
Unwanted and unwelcome sexual behavior that interferes with everyday life; a form of sexual violence.
An empowering process that enables survivors of sexual abuse to reclaim their sexuality as positive and pleasurable.
The use of threat, intimidation, force, and exploitation of authority with the goal of imposing one's will on a nonconsenting person for the purpose of personal gratification that may or may not be predominantly sexual in nature.
Sexual abuse in which the victim and perpetrator are siblings.
Regaining a sense of purpose in life, finding meaning in trauma, and learning to trust others once again.
The verbal expression of intense anger and emotions; bullying, ugly taunts, disrespect, alienation, scapegoating, and physical threats.
Behavior that is against the norms of other individuals and society.
Retaliation for real or imagined offenses; targets may be individuals or a building or structure that symbolizes the authority.
contextual sensitivity hypothesis
The belief that human behavior is highly sensitive to social contexts.
The use of the Internet, e-mail, or other electronic communications to stalk another person.
A group of people, often young, who band together, often for the purpose of conducting illegal or antisocial activities.
Crimes motivated by bias and hatred of minority groups.
Homicide in which only the perpetrator knows the motive.
Killing of one or both parents, often after many years of physical and sexual abuse.
Violence in which individuals are attacked who have done nothing to provoke the attack.
Homicide in retaliation for real or imagined offenses.
Injury or death of students or staff that occur in or around school property.
The act of following, viewing, communicating with, or moving threateningly toward another person. May be accompained by property damage and assault.
Injury or death of people in their neighborhoods or other community settings.
Injury or death of individuals occurring at their place of employment.
acute stress disorder
A DSM-4 diagnosis for the initial symptoms of severe stress.
An unexpected crisis, such as a natural disaster.
Terrorism committed with biological weapons.
Terrorism based on a cause embracing a particular ideology.
Terrorism committed with chemical agents.
Terrorists that fund their cause by criminal behavior.
Terrorism based on environmental activism.
Large-scale terrorism meant to cause large-scale damage.
Terrorism that pushes forth the agenda of a particular ethnic group.
Unanticipated disaster, such as hurricanes and tornadoes.
posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
An anxiety disorder characterized by a constant anticipation of danger and a phobic avoidance of triggers that remind the person of the original trauma; other characteristics include irritability, aggression, and flashbacks.
Interventions aimed at decreasing the severity of a response.
Terrorism committed with radiological agents.
Terrorism meant to frighten those persons that have power and those who support them in order to replace them with an alternative form of government.
Interventions aimed to meet the immediate needs of individuals and the community.
Terrorism that occurs when an oppressive government terrorizes its citizens into submission and obedience and squashes political dissonance.
Premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience.
Any group practicing or having significant subgroups that practice international terrorism.
Interventions aimed to meet the care goals of individuals and communities on a long-term basis.
To be deprived of in terms of a person, object, self-esteem, or control.