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Chapter 23, 24, 25 Key Terms

acquaintance rape

Rape committed by someone known to the victim.

anger rape

Rape distinguished by physical violence and cruelty to the victim.

childhood sexual abuse

Inappropriate sexual behavior with a child instigated by a perpetrator for purposes of the perpetrator's sexual pleasure or for economic gain through child prostitution or pornography.

date rape

Verbal coercion and deception to pressure a date into having sex.

family systems theory

The consideration of the structure, cohesion, adaptability, and communication patterns of families.

gang rape

Rape by a number of perpetrators against the same victim.

grooming behaviors

Behaviors used to gain the trust of children or family members before sexual abuse begins. The purpose is to persuade the victim to comply with the abuse.

marital rape

Rape in which the victim and perpetrator are in an intimate relationship.

power rape

Rape in which the intent of the rapist is to command and master the victim sexually.

rape

Any forced sexual activity, the key factor being the absence of consent.

rape-trauma syndrome

Symptoms of, or specific responses to, the experience of being raped; also, a nursing diagnosis.

sadistic rape

Forced sexual activity in which brutality is used for sexual excitement for the perpetrator.

sexual harassment

Unwanted and unwelcome sexual behavior that interferes with everyday life; a form of sexual violence.

sexual healing

An empowering process that enables survivors of sexual abuse to reclaim their sexuality as positive and pleasurable.

sexual violence

The use of threat, intimidation, force, and exploitation of authority with the goal of imposing one's will on a nonconsenting person for the purpose of personal gratification that may or may not be predominantly sexual in nature.

sibling incest

Sexual abuse in which the victim and perpetrator are siblings.

spiritual recovery

Regaining a sense of purpose in life, finding meaning in trauma, and learning to trust others once again.

affective violence

The verbal expression of intense anger and emotions; bullying, ugly taunts, disrespect, alienation, scapegoating, and physical threats.

antisocial behavior

Behavior that is against the norms of other individuals and society.

authority killing

Retaliation for real or imagined offenses; targets may be individuals or a building or structure that symbolizes the authority.

contextual sensitivity hypothesis

The belief that human behavior is highly sensitive to social contexts.

cyberstalking

The use of the Internet, e-mail, or other electronic communications to stalk another person.

gang

A group of people, often young, who band together, often for the purpose of conducting illegal or antisocial activities.

hate crimes

Crimes motivated by bias and hatred of minority groups.

nonspecific homicide

Homicide in which only the perpetrator knows the motive.

patricide/matricide homicide

Killing of one or both parents, often after many years of physical and sexual abuse.

predatory violence

Violence in which individuals are attacked who have done nothing to provoke the attack.

revenge homicide

Homicide in retaliation for real or imagined offenses.

school violence

Injury or death of students or staff that occur in or around school property.

stalking

The act of following, viewing, communicating with, or moving threateningly toward another person. May be accompained by property damage and assault.

street violence

Injury or death of people in their neighborhoods or other community settings.

workplace violence

Injury or death of individuals occurring at their place of employment.

acute stress disorder

A DSM-4 diagnosis for the initial symptoms of severe stress.

adventitious crisis

An unexpected crisis, such as a natural disaster.

bioterrorism

Terrorism committed with biological weapons.

cause-based terrorism

Terrorism based on a cause embracing a particular ideology.

chemical terrorism

Terrorism committed with chemical agents.

criminal terrorism

Terrorists that fund their cause by criminal behavior.

environmental terrorism

Terrorism based on environmental activism.

mass-casualty terrorism

Large-scale terrorism meant to cause large-scale damage.

nationalist terrorism

Terrorism that pushes forth the agenda of a particular ethnic group.

natural disaster

Unanticipated disaster, such as hurricanes and tornadoes.

posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

An anxiety disorder characterized by a constant anticipation of danger and a phobic avoidance of triggers that remind the person of the original trauma; other characteristics include irritability, aggression, and flashbacks.

primary prevention

Interventions aimed at decreasing the severity of a response.

radiological terrorism

Terrorism committed with radiological agents.

revolutionary terrorism

Terrorism meant to frighten those persons that have power and those who support them in order to replace them with an alternative form of government.

secondary prevention

Interventions aimed to meet the immediate needs of individuals and the community.

state-sponsored terrorism

Terrorism that occurs when an oppressive government terrorizes its citizens into submission and obedience and squashes political dissonance.

terrorism

Premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience.

terrorist group

Any group practicing or having significant subgroups that practice international terrorism.

tertiary prevention

Interventions aimed to meet the care goals of individuals and communities on a long-term basis.

loss

To be deprived of in terms of a person, object, self-esteem, or control.

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