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Renaissance

French word meaning "rebirth"

Renaissance Man

Energetic human being who was interested in science, literature, history, art, and other subjects

Beginning of Renaissance

Began in Italy in fourteenth century

Ending of Renaissance

Lasted until sixteenth century

Pope Julius II

Commissioned the painting of the Sistene Chapel

Michelangelo

Painted the Sistene Chapel

Humanists

Found no conflict between teachings of the church and those of ancient Roman moralists

Plutarch

Stated that the purpose in life was to attain virtue

Johannes Gutenberg

Invented the printing press and published first Bible in Latin

England at 1476

Considered an island far from the center of civilization

Erasmus

Best known of all Renaissance humanists

Thomas More

Wrote many pamphlets, biographies, and books; later beheaded by Henry VIII because wouldn't accept king's divorce

Reformation

Characterized by rejection of the Pope and the Italian churchmen

Martin Luther

Founded new Christianity based on personal understanding of the Bible

Henry VIII

Wanted a divorce so broke with the Pope and married Anne Boleyn

Edward VI

King in name only; died at an early age of tuberculosis

Mary

Bloody queen of England; restored the Pope's power to England

Elizabeth I

Reestablished Church of England; known as the Virgin Queen

Colors of fashion

Wearing different colors symbolized different things, such as green for love, white and black for chastity1

Spanish Armada

Created by King Phillip of Spain to restore Catholicism to England

English Royal Navy

Created by Henry VIII; defeated the Spanish Armada

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