Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Botany EXAM 2

Crystals

chemical anatomical characteristic. usually calcium oxalate, calcium carbonate or silica. Can be shapes such as spherical, paphides (needle-like)

Secondary Compounds

anatomical chemical characteristic. Some examples: alkaloids, betalains, flavonoids

Three things to distinguish in genetic systematic analysis

Nucleic Acids, Chromosomes, Mitosis and meiosis, Chromosome #, Aneuploidy and polyploidy

Molecular Systematics

the use of DNA and RNA to infer relationships

Importance of gene

level changes in phylogeny

Three genomes in plant cells

1. mitochondrion 2. chloroplast 3. nucleus

Techniques to generate molecular data

1. cloning and PCR (polymerase chain reaction) 2. gene sequencing

Data Analysis

1. align sequences 2. phylogeny reconstruction

Molecular characters

1. chloroplast genes 2. ribosomal RNA genes (nuclear)

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set