1. Regulation serves a significant gov't interest
2. Regulation is narrowly tailored to serve that interest
3. Gov't must leave open alternative channels for communicating that message. (can't be a total ban)
DeJonge v. Oregon, 1937
Reinforced the right to peaceful assembly and association protection of the first amendment.
Gregory v. Chicago,1969
A United States Supreme Court case in which Chicago police, to prevent what they regarded as an impending civil disorder, demanded that the demonstrators, upon pain of arrest, disperse. When this command was not obeyed, petitioners were arrested for disorderly conduct. The First Amendment claim sustained. (9-0)
Lloyd Corporation v. Tanner, 1941
Supreme Court case that decided that malls are privately owned so the 1st amendment does not apply. However, the streets and sidewalks around the mall are available for protesters.
Cox v. New Hampshire
1941 - 1st Amendment - Assembly: Requiring licenses, advance notification, and nominal fees for parades is not a violation of right to assemble.
the revival of learning and culture
Fair judgment; not extreme or excessive