A pencil "lead" is made of graphite (a form of carbon) ground with varying amounts of clay. The greater the proportion of graphite, the softer the lead and the darker the line it produces. Pencils range in softness and hardness. From hardest to softest :8H,7H,6H,5H,4H,3H,2H,H,HB,F,B,2B,3B,4B,5B,
6B,7B,8B The hardest pencils leave a pale gray or silvery line, and the softest pencils have a dark black line.To begin with, try a selection of pencils ranging from 3H through HB to 6B. Cost ranges aren't very expensive , but the cost depends on how many pencils are in each set.
Paper or sketch book
Many artist carry around a sketch pad where ever they go.Find the best quality paper. Avoid cheap paper, which turns yellow fairly quickly. Not very expensive.
Like paper try to find the best quality colored pencils. Cheap one will fade because the pigments and dyes used are not designed for permanency. Not too expensive depends on how many there are in a pack.
Charcoal or Charcoal Pencils
These are soft and leave a very dark line; they can cover large surfaces quickly Come in a hard, stuck together powdered form or in pencils. Vary in cost.
Chinese White or white chalk
If you draw on toned paper, you can add white highlghts to your drawings using various chalks or chinese white. Not too costly.
Pen and ink
Drawing with pen and ink is an excellent method to try after gaining confidence with your pencil. Unlike pencil, a pen is an all-or-nothing tool--either leaves a deposit of ink or doesn't. Ink can't easily be erased either, so be confident in what you are doing. Prices vary.
Come in different forms soft, ground, chalk and oil each are different so pick wisely. Prices vary.
Gives a soft and powdery look to a drawing.
Are very powdery and will leave some dust on a drawing. Blow the dust into the trach can, if you wipe it off with your hands you'll leave a huge colored mark across the drawing that you probably can't fix.
Grounded up pastels used for special occasions that give a beautiful, and hard-lined look.
Pastels made from a oil and sticky-like substance. The drawing will be sticky after you're done so find a Matte Finish Spray.
Kneaded erasers are probably the most useful because they remove pencil line just by pressing on them. Not very expensive, ranging from $2-4. Depend on the art store.
Sprays like Fixative or Matte Finish prevent smudging. You can also use glossy sprays to make your drawings glossier. Can come up to $20 or more in general.
A special substance painted onto a painting to make it shinier or glossier. It can also mak painting look al little more 3D and real. Comes in versions for acrylic and oil paintings; also in a water proof version for acrylics.
Quick, Easy and Fabouloso! You especially want to find nice paints because it makes a difference. Acrylics blend beautifully and dry fairly quickly. To make the paint thinner, put a little water in the paint with your brush. Vary in price.
Beautiful, Very Wet, and Subtle! These paints aren't #1 in blending or drying but are very beautiful in the end. Use water to make them brighter and look better on the paper. You'd have to do this anyway but it never hurts to remind yourself about the water. Start with the light colors first and darker ones on top, because when you go dark you can't go light. Vary in price
Thick, Smelly, and Beautiful! These paints are beautiful and blend nicely. They are smelly,very thick, and dry painfully slow, but are beautiful in the end and worth it. Their is a solution to the thickness though; paint thinner. You dip your brush into it and then into the paint. They both vary in price
They're not very costly but can be too cheap. Make sure not to get natural brushes because the bristles fall off and end up drying on your painting, anything else is fine. Brushes come in different bristles for different paints, look at the label. Always wash the brushes and stand them upright in a jar, if the bristles are placed face down the bristles will end up deformed. Not expensive, natural brushes are more expensive.
You can use a canvas for either oil or acrylic paints. You should also find good quality canvases too. They're easy to use and are better than paper because the canvas paper is streched out onto a frame then stapled. The bigger the canvas the more expensive they get.
An old t-shirt that you can use to keep your clothes clean when painting,
If you don't have a special artist desk, you might want to invest some money on an easel. They're easier to use and some easels fold up so you can take them anywhere. They can get pretty expensive, but it depends on which one you get.
For a palette you can simply use a paper plate or you can get a pack of palettes that are sold at art stores, they aren't very expensive.