AP GovernmentChapter 15 Vocabulary

19 terms by Dhuynh0561

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Bureaucracy

According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure that uses task specialization, operates on merit principle, and behaves with impersonality.

Patronage

One of the key inducements used by political machines. Given for political reasons rather than for merit or competence alone.

Pendleton Civil Service Act

Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service so that hiring and promotion would be based on merit rather than patronage.

Civil Service

a system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle and the desire to create a nonpartisan government service.

Merit Principle

The idea that hiring should be based on entrance exams and promotion ratings to produce administration by people with talent and skill.

Hatch Act

A federal law prohibiting government employees from active participation in partisan politics.

Office of Personnel Management

The office in charge of hiring for most agonies for the federal government, using elaborate rules in the process.

Senior Executive Service

An elite cadre of about 9,000 federal government managers, established by the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, who are mostly career officials but include some political appointees who do not require Senate confirmation.

Independent Regulatory Agency

a government agency responsible for some sector of the economy, making and enforcing rules to protect the public interest. It also judges disputes over these rules.

Government Corporation

A government organization that provides a service that could be provided by the private sector and typically charges for its services.

Independent Executive Agency

The government not accounted for cabinet departments, independent regulatory agencies, and government corporations. Its administrators are typically appointed at the president's pleasure. (NASA)

Policy Implementation

the stage of policymaking between the establishment of a policy and the consequences of the policy for the people who it affects.

Administrative Discretion

The authority of administrative actors to select among various responses to a given problem.

Regulation

The use of governmental authority to control or hang some practice in the private sector.

Deregulation

The lifting of restrictions on business, industry, and professional activities for which government rules had been established and that bureaucracies had been created to administer.

Command-and-control policy

According to Charles Schultze, the exisint system of regulation whereby government tells business how to reach certain goals, checks these commands are followed, and punishes offenders.

Incentive System

According to Charles Schultze, a more effective and efficient policy than command-and-control;

Executive Orders

Regulations originating from the executive branch. Method presidents can use to control the bureaucracy.

Iron Triangles

A mutually dependent relationship between bureaucratic agencies, interest groups, and congressional committees or subcommittees.

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